Self-writing as a Narrative Model

Keywords: writing, subject, homo scribens, “self”, story, narrative model.

Abstract

Introduction. The research presented in the article elucidates the specificity of the narrative model formed by the writing of an individual about himself. The semantics of the categories that form the concept of “self-writing” (“I”, “-self”, “writing as an aesthetic activity”) are revealed by using the psycholinguistic code. The influence of writing as a process on a subject has been detected.

Aim. Describe all the parameters of a self-writing as a narrative option due to which the subject gets closer to a self-cognition.

Methods. The article applies to a (post)structuralist, narratological approach. The concepts and ideas of J. Lacan, J. Güssdorf, R. Bart, P. Ricker, and J. Jeanette form the theoretical and methodological basis of the study.

Results. The distinguished main points of the leading French researchers’ works concerning personal writing allowed to describe the narrative features of a self-writing which were confirmed and specified within the field of fiction. The linguistic code of the various French options for the definition of a personal writing helped to explicate the sphere of the unconscious that takes place in self-writing process. In terms of the psychoanalytic code it is clarified that self-writing reveals the individual inner “self” which is usually implicit/hidden. The beginning of a self-writing piece evidences a person’s sense of emptiness and the desire to fulfill it, but the escalation of the writing detects gaps in the field of mental needs. By turning the personal memory chaos during writing into a reflection of events and experiences, the individual thus takes a position of disdain to his former state: in the status of a narrator, he is given an opportunity to look critically at his “self” sidewise. At the same time, the writing as a narrative acts out by ordering the impulses of the individual's inner world, which, after being structured, acquires objectivity as a trace.

Conclusions. Becoming the subject of the writing, the hero is involved in a process of developing the senses of experienced events. The identity of the narrator transforms the individual into the subject of formation. The described parameters of self-writing as a narrative model open the horizon of further studies of a writing as a story with a special communicative framework in a virtual space, offered to a modern man by new technologies.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Angard, L. (2009). Les écritures du moi: vers une nouvelle définition? (entre soumission et liberté). Retrieved from http://www.fabula.org/actualites/les-ecritures-du-moivers-une-nouvelle-definition-entre-soumission-et-liberte_29096.php

Auxéméry, Y. (2019). Le trauma de guerre comme moteur d’écriture: analyse patho-littéraire et psycholinguistique de Louis-Ferdinand Céline. L'Évolution Psychiatrique, 84(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evopsy.2019.07.001

Bart, R. (2000). Vvedenie v strukturnyj analiz povestvovatelnyh tekstov. Francuzskaja semiotika: Ot strukturalizma k poststrukturalizmu [Introduction to the Structural Analysis of Narratives. French Semiotics from Structuralism to Poststructuralism]. (Trans. G.K. Kosikova). Zarubezhnaja jestetika i teorija literatury XIX–XX vv. Traktaty, stati, jesse – Foreign aesthetics and theory of literature of the XIX–XX century. Treatises, Articles, Essays (pp. 196–238). Moscow: Progress [in Russian].

Baus, C., Strijkers, K., & Costa, A. (2013). When does word frequency influence written production? Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 963. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00963

Cantin, A. (2000). Les écritures intimes aux frontières du réel ou : une littérature du vrai est-elle possible. Retrieved from https://www.fabula.org/colloques/frontieres/228.php

Clement, C., & Duméry, H. (2017). Moi. Le moi et la deconstruction du sujet. Encyclopedia Universalis. Retrieved from https://www.universalis.fr/encyclopedie/moi/ 2017

Dekomb, V. (2011). Dopolnenie k subektu: Issledovanie fenomena dejstvija ot sobstvennogo lica [Addition to subject: investigation of deeds from own personality]. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie [in Russian].

Deryda, Zh. (2004). Pysmo ta vidminnist [Writing and Difference]. Kyiv: Osnovy [in Ukrainian].

Djakov, A.V. (2010). Zhak Lakan. Figura filosofa [Jacques Lacan: The Person of the Philosopher]. Moscow: Izdatelskij dom “Territorija budushhego” [in Russian].

Freud, Z. (1926). Tormozhenie, simptom, trivoga [Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety]. Retrieved from http://nosova.com.ua/lib/1926-tormozhenije-simptom-i-trevoga-hemmung-symptom-und-angst-131.html [in Russian].

Fuko, M. (2007). Germenevtika subekta: Kurs lekcij, prochitannyh v Kollezh de Frans v 1981-1982 uchebnom godu [The Hermeneutics of the Subject: A lecture course originally given at the Collège de France in the years 1981-1982]. St. Petersburg: Nauka [in Russian].

Gadet, F. (2017). L’oralité ordinaire à l’épreuve de la mise en écrit : ce que montre la proximité. Langages, 208, 113–129. https://doi.org/10.3917/lang.208.0113

Gusdorf, G. (1991). Lignes de vie 2. Auto-bio-graphie. Paris: Odile Jacob.

Hazan, I. (1996–1997). Simone de Beauvoir, Mémorialiste. Retrieved from http://www.winimage.com/beauvoir/beauvoir.pdf

Lacan, J. (1975). Joyce, le symptôme I. Retrieved from http://aejcpp.free.fr/lacan/1975-06-16.htm

Lacan, J. (1997). The Seminar of Jacques Lacan: The Ethics of Psychoanalysis. Book VII. New York; London: W.W. Norton.

Lakan, Zh. (1998). Seminary, Kniga I: Raboty Frejda po tehnike psihoanaliza (1953/1954) [The Seminar, Book I. Freud’s Papers on Technique, 1953–1954]. Moscow: ITDGK Gnozis; Logos [in Russian].

Lakan, Zh. (1999). Seminary, Kniga IІ: “Ja” v teorii Frejda i v tehnike psihoanaliza (1954/1955) [The Seminar, Book II. The Ego in Freud's Theory and in the Technique of Psychoanalysis, 1954–1955]. Moscow: Gnozis; Logos [in Russian].

Lefort-Favreau, J. (2017). Paysages des écritures de soi. Acta fabula, 18(6). Retrieved from http://www.fabula.org/revue/document10366.php

Lejeune, Ph. (1989). On Autobiography (Transl. K. Leary). In P.J. Eakin (Ed.), The Autobiographical Pact (bis), (pp. 119–137). Minneapolis (MN): University of Minnesota Press.

Moralès, G. (2010). L’Écriture du réel. Pour une philosophie du sujet. Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf.

Myers, L.J. (2003). Becoming whole: Writing Your Healing Story. San Diego, California: Silvercat Publications.

Myers, L.J. (2010). The Power of Memoir: How to Write Your Healing Story. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Riker, P. (2000). Sam yak inshyi [Oneself as Another]. Kyiv: Dukh i litera [in Ukrainian].

Riker, P. (2002). Intelektualna avtobiohrafiia. Liubov i spravedlyvist [Intellectual Autobiography. Love and Justice]. Kyiv: Dukh i litera [in Ukrainian].

Roche, A., Clancier, A., & Chiantaretto, J.-Fr. (2005). Autobiographie, Journal Intime et Psychanalyse. Paris: Economica-Anthropos.

Simonet, M., & Einhorn, J. (2013). L’écriture de Soi. Le Magazine Littéraire, 530, (Aprile), 44–46.

Zareckij, Ju.P. (n.d.). Svidetelstva o sebe “malenkih” ljudej: novye issledovanija gollandskih istorikov [Evidences about themselves of the “small” people: New research by Holland historians]. Retrieved from http://visantrop.rsuh.ru/article.html?id=1167089 [in Russian]

Zenkin, S.N. (1998). Preodolennoe golovokruzhenie: Zherar Zhenett i sudba strukturalizma [Dizziness that has been overcome]. In G. Genette (Ed.), Figury – Figury (Vols. 1–2). (Vol. 1, pp. 9–38). Moscow: Izd.-vo im. Sabashnikovyh [in Russian].

Zhenett, Zh. (1998). Povestvovatelnyj diskurs [Narrative Discourse]. Figury – Figures (Vols. 1–2). (Vol. 2, pp. 60–274). Moscow: Izd.-vo im. Sabashnikovyh [in Russian].

Sources

Brasm, A.-S. (2017). Dykhai [Breathe]. Lviv: VSL [in Ukrainian].

Moriak, F. (1994). Starosvitskyi khlopchyna [Maltaverne]. Potsilunok, darovanyi prokazhenomu – The Kiss to the Leper (pp. 210–362). Kyiv: Osnovy [in Ukrainian].

Musset, de Alfred. (1973). La confession d’un enfant du siècle. Paris: Gallimard Education.

Po, E.A. (1884). The Purloined Letter. Retrieved from https://etc.usf.edu/lit2go/pdf/passage/5357/the-works-of-edgar-allan-poe-081-the-purloined-letter.pdf

Sartr, Zh.-P. (2006). Nudota [Nausea]. Kharkiv: Folio [in Ukrainian].

Stendal, F. (1978). Zhizn Anri Brjulara [The Life of Henry Brulard]. Sobranie sochinenij – Collected works (Vols. 1–12). (Vol. 2, pp. 4–305). Moscow: Pravda [in Russian].


Abstract views: 354
PDF Downloads: 349
Published
2020-11-08
How to Cite
Pavlenko , Y., & Kunytska , I. (2020). Self-writing as a Narrative Model. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 28(2), 128-147. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2020-28-2-128-147