Social Media in English and Russian Language Consciousness. Article 2. Corpus linguistics and modeling experience

Keywords: social media, social networks, psycholinguistics 2.0, corpus linguistics, English, Russian.

Abstract

Introduction. The article consists of two parts. The first part is devoted to the investigation of the structure and content of the concept “social media” in Russian and English linguistic consciousness according to the data of a serial psycholinguistic experiment. The second part provides an analysis of the concept in corpus linguistics. It also includes the field and the classificational cognitive models of the concept “social media”.

Methods and data for the study. The presence of the concept in the Russian National Corpus (RNC) and the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) was investigated via corpus analysis. We analyzed 42 158 contexts with mentions of the concept “social media”. Using a method of semantic network analysis, we built a model of the concept in the shape of a semantic graph.

Results. We elicited that the concept «social media» in both Russian and English linguistic cultures is in the stage of formation. The non-specific characteristic of the concept in Russian and English languages is its identical structure (dissimilarities are noticeable only in peripheral zones). Socially and culturally specific characteristics are: (1) major formation of the concept in English linguistic culture (higher nominative density); (2) in English language concept’s nominative field represents personal contacts, while in Russian it represents disengaged and impersonal attitude to social media.

Conclusion. The research of a conceptual nature of social media has a perspective in studying its idioethnic specificity, its dynamic nature, and other cognitive formations (scenarios and frames), connected with social media, based on the data of different language families.

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Published
2020-11-08
How to Cite
Shlyakhova , S., & Klyuev , N. (2020). Social Media in English and Russian Language Consciousness. Article 2. Corpus linguistics and modeling experience. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 28(2), 204-223. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2020-28-2-204-223