Actualization of the Internal Speech Problems in Psycholinguistics of Communication: The Results of a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Keywords: internal speech, communication, generative process, speaking, listening, meaning.


The purpose of the article is to reveal the role and functions of the internal speech in communication processes of the subjects of socially and personally oriented speech communication; to present a model of a communicative act, which is accomplished through the internal speech of addressees and recipients.

Research methods. In the described research a new technique is used as a set of methods: (a) a systematic review of the original completed independent published investigations performed in the field of the internal speech of communication participants; (b) systematic analysis of the selected literature sources with application of its several varieties; (c) comparison and juxtaposition of the obtained data according to the selected criteria; (d) meta-analysis (combining of the results of several studies with statistical methods to test the hypothesis); (e) research synthesis (monitoring of the diversity of scientific research, explanation of different studies and their summarizing according to the selected criteria).

Results. The author’s method for research of the problem specified in the title of the article is offered. It is established that the internal speech is a meaning-forming component of generative processes that are part of communication as its components. The model of the communicative process as a two-way generating process is presented. It contains expressive and impressive speech components and is carried out by the mechanisms of spontaneous and mediated direct feedback. The study allowed to test and support the hypothesis and formulate a correct (based on a high level of generalization) scientific idea of formation the meaning role of the internal speech in communication, the benefits of modeling the communicative process with a generative mechanism for testing the results and identification of the important for communication patterns of the internal speech functioning, arising from numerous explorations, and for creation of communication technologies and systems.


Download data is not yet available.


Akhutina, T.V. (2002). Nejrolingvisticheskij analiz dinamicheskoj afazii. O mehanizmah postroenija vyskazyvanija [Neurolinguistic Analysis of Dynamic Aphasia. On the Mechanisms of Building the Utterance]. Moscow: Terevinf [in Russ.].

Akhutina, T.V. (2003). The Role of Inner Speech in the Construction of an Utterance. Journal of Russian and East European Psychology, 41(3-4), 49-74.

Akhutina, T.V. (2008). Model porozhdenija rechi Leonteva – Rjabovoj: 1967-2005 [The Leontiev – Ryabova Speech Generation Model: 1967-2005]. In T.V. Akhutina & D.A. Leontiev (Eds.), Psychology, Linguistics and Interdisciplinary Relations (pp. 79-104) [in Russian].

Alderson-Day. B., & Fernyhough, C. (2015). Inner Speech: Development, Cognitive Functions, Phenomenology, and Neurobiology. Psychological Bulletin, 141(5): 931-965.

Allen, P., Aleman, A., & McGuire, P. (2007). Inner Speech Models of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations: Evidence From Behavioural and Neuroimaging Studies. International Review of Psychiatry, 19, 409-417.

Ananyev, B.G. (2001). Psihologija chuvstvennogo poznanija [Psychology of Sensual Cognition]. Moscow: Izd-vo Akad. ped. nauk RSFSR [in Russ.].

Artemov V. A. (1969). Psihologiya obucheniya inostrannym yazykam [Psychology of teaching foreign languages]. Moskva: Prosveshchenie [in Russian].

Baddeley, A.D., & Logie, R.H. (1999). Working memory: The multiple-component model. In A.Miyake & P. Shah (Eds.), Models of working memory: Mechanisms of active maintenance and executive control (pp. 28–61). Cambridge University Press.

Bakhtin, M.M. (1986). Jestetika slovesnogo tvorchestva [Aesthetics of Verbal Creativity]. Moscow: Iskusstvo [in Russ.].

Barnaud, M.L., Bessiere, P., Diard, J., & Schwartz, J.L. (2018). Reanalyzing neurocognitive data on the role of the motor system in speech perception within COSMO, a Bayesian perceptuo-motor model of speech communication. Brain and Language, 187, 19-32.

Beazley, M.B., Glass, C.R., Chambless, D.L., & Arnkoff, D.B. (2001). Cognitive self-statements in socialphobias: A comparison across three types of social situations. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 781-799.

Bermúdez, J. L. (2003). Thinking Without Words. New York. Oxford University Press.

Bock, K., & Levelt, W. (1994). Language production: Grammatical encoding. In M. A. Gernsbacher (Ed.), Handbook of Psycholinguistics (p. 945–984). Academic Press.

Briscoe, G. (2002). Language, Inner Speech, and Consciousness. Paper presented at the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness. Barcelona, Spain.

Burnett, P.C. (1996). Children’s Self-talk and Significant others Positive and Negative Statements. Educational Psychology, 16(1), 57-70.

Burton, J.M., Washington, K.N., & Samms-Vaughan, M. (2019). Parent Report of Communication Skills of Jamaican Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 41(1), 54-66.

Chaoran L., Carlos I., & Hiroshi, I. (2019). Probabilistic nod generation model based on speech and estimated utterance categories, Advanced Robotics, 33(15-16), 731-741.

Chepeleva, N.V. (1990). Psihologіja chitannja tekstu studentami vuzіv [Psychology of Text Reading by University Students]. Kyiv: Libіd [in Russian].

Chernigovskaya, T., & Deglin, V. (1984) Problema vnutrennego dialogizma (nejrofiziologicheskoe issledovanie jazykovoj kompetencii) [The problem of internal dialogism (neurophysiological study of linguistic competence)]. Uchenye zapiski Tartusskogo universiteta. Trudy po znakovym sistemam – Scientific notes of the University of Tartu. Works on sign systems, 17, 48-67 [in Russ.].

Chernigovskaya, T.V. (2010). Mozg i jazyk: vrozhdennye moduli ili obuchajushhajasja set? [Brain and Language: Congenital Modules or Learning Network?]. Vestnik RAN – Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 80(5-6), 461-465 [in Russ.].

Chomsky, N. (2015). Some Core Contested Concepts. Journal of Psycholinguistics Research, 44, 91-104.

Clark, H., & Clark, E. (1977). Psychology and Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics. New York: Harcout Brsce Jovanovich.

Collett, B., Chapman, K., Kinter, E. et al. (2019). Speech, Language, and Communication Skills of Adolescents with Craniofacial Microsomia. American Journal of Speech-language Pathology, 28(4), 1571-1581.

Cook, D.J. et al. (1995). Methodologic quidelines for systematic reviews of randomized control trials in health care from the Potsdam Consultation on Meta-Analysis. Journal of Clinic Epidemiology, 48, 167-171.

Cooper H., & Hedges L.V. (2009). Research Synthesis as a Scientific Process. In H. Cooper, L.V. Hedges, J.C. Valentine (Eds.), The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis (2nd ed.), (pp. 3-16). N.Y.: Russell Sage Foundation.

Cooper, H. (2008). Reporting Standards for Research in Psychology: Why Do We Need Them? What Might They Be? American Psychologist, 63(9), 839–851.

Crisan M. (2019) Dynamic Neural Network Model of Speech Perception. In S. Bhatia, S. Tiwari, K. Mishra & M. Trivedi (Eds), Advances in Computer Communication and Computational Sciences (Vol. 924, pp. 365-375). Springer, Singapore.

Dell, G. S. (1986). A spreading activation theory of retrieval in language production. Psychological Review, 93, 283–321.

Duck, S., & McMahan, D. (2009). The Basic of Communication: A Relational Perspective. Los Angeles: Sage.

Ernst, M.O., & Banks, M.S. (2002). Humans integrate visual and haptic information in a statistically optimal fashion. Nature 415, 429–433.

Farmer, T.A., Brown, M., & Tanenhaus, M.K. (2013). Prediction, explanation, and the role of generative models in language processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(3), 211-212.

Fessenden, S.A. (1955). Levels of Listening: a theory. Education, 75, 288-291.

Field, A.P. (2003). Can meta-analysis be trusted? The Psychologist, 16(12), 642–645.

Field, A.P. (2005). Is the meta-analysis of correlation coeffi cients accurate when population correlations vary? Psychological Methods, 10(4), 444–467.

Fromkin, V. (1998). Utterance Generator Model of Speech Production in Psycho-linguistics. Harcourt.

Gao, X. et al. (2019). What Makes Lexical Tone Special: A Reverse Accessing Model for Tonal Speech Perception. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 2830.

Garrett, M.F. (1993). Errors and their relevance for models of language production. In G. Blanken, J. Dittmann, H. Grimm, J. Marshall, C. Wallesch (Eds.), Linguistic Disorders and Pathologies (pp. 72-92). Berlin: de Gruyter.

Genes, V.S. (1967). Nekotorye prostye metody kiberneticheskoj obrabotki dannjah diagnosticheskih i fiziologicheskih [Some simple methods of cybernetic processing of diagnostic and physiological data]. Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].

Geva, S. (2018). “Inner Speech and Mental Imagery: A Neuroscientific Perspective” in Inner Speech: New Voices. In P. Langland-Hassan & A. Vicente (Eds). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Geva, S., Bennett, S., Warburton, E., & Patterson, K. (2011). Discrepancy Between Inner and Overt Speech: Implications for Post Stroke Aphasia and Normal Language Processing. Aphasiology, 25, 323-343.

Glass, G.V. (1976). Primary, secondary, and meta-analysis of research. The Educational Researcher, 10, 3–8.

Gu, Yu, & Kang, Yongguo (2018). Multi-task WaveNet: A Multi-task Generative Model for Statistical Parametric Speech Synthesis without Fundamental Frequency Conditions. 19th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (INTERSPEECH’ 2018, Hyderabad, India). (Vols 1-6: Speech Research For Emerging Markets In Multilingual Societies), (pp. 2007-2011).

Halle, M., & Stevens, K. (1962). Speech recognition: A model and a program for research. IRE Trans. Information Theory, 7, 155–159.

Harris, K.R. (1990). Developing Self-Regulated Learners: The Role of Private Speech and Self-Instructions. Educational Psychologist, 25, 35-50.

Hedges, L.V., & Vevea, J.L. (1998). Fixed- and random-effects models in meta-analysis. Psychological Methods, 3(4), 486–504.

Hurlburt, R.T., Heavey, C.L., & Kelsey, J.M. (2013). Toward a Phenomenology of Inner Speaking. Consciousness Cognition, 22(4), 1477-1494.

Indefrey, P., & Levelt, W.J.M. (2004). The Spatial and Temporal Signatures of Word Production Components. Cognition, 92, 101-144.

Jones, S.R., & Fernyhough, C. (2007). Thought as Action: Inner Speech, Self-Monitoring, and Auditory Verbal Hallucinations. Consciousness Cognition, 16, 391-399.

Jupp, V. (2006). The SAGE Dictionary of Social Research Methods (Vols. 1-10). London: SAGE Publications, Ltd. DOI:

Kalmykova, L.O. (2011). Psyhologiya rozvytku movlennevoi diyalnosti ditey doshkilnogo viku [Psychology of speech activities of preschool age children]. Doctor’s thesis. Kyiv.

Kennington, C., & Schlangen, D. (2017). A simple generative model of incremental reference resolution for situated dialogue. COMPUTER SPEECH AND LANGUAGE, 41,‏ 43-67.

Kharchenko, N. (2019). Psykholohiia rozvytku audiiuvannia u ditei doshkilnoho viku [Psychology of the Development of Listining Comprehension in Children of Preschool Age]. Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis. Pereiaslav [in Ukrainian].

Kharchenko, N.V. (2018). Rozvitok audіjuvannja u dіtej starshogo doshkіlnogo vіku [Development of Listening Comprehension in Children of the Preschool Age]. Perejaslav-Khmelnickyi: FOP Dombrovska Ja.M. [in Ukrainian].

Kljajevic, V., Gуmez, E.U., Lуpez, C. et al. (2017). Inner Speech in Post-stroke Motor Aphasia. Available from:

Kolodny, O., Lotem, A., & Edelman, Sh. (2015). Learning a Generative Probabilistic Grammar of Experience: A Process-Level Model of Language Acquisition. Cognitive Science, 39(2),‏ 227-267.

Kornilov, S.A., & Kornilova, T.V. (2010). Meta-analiticheskie issledovanija v psihologii [Meta-Analytic Studies In Psychology]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal – Psychological journal, 31(6), 5-17 [in Russian].

Krasnykh, V.V. (1998). Virtualnaja realnost ili realnaja virtualnost [Virtual reality or real virtuality]. Moscow: Dialog-MGU [in Russian].

Krasnykh, V.V. (2012). Osnovyi psiholingvistiki [Fundamentals of Psycholinguistics] (2nd ed.). Moscow: Gnozys [in Russ.].

Langland-Hassan, P., Faries, F.R., Richardson, J.M., & Dietz, A. (2015). Inner Speech Deficits in People with Aphasia. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 528.

Langland-Hassan, P., Gauker. C., Richardson, V.J. et al. (2017). Metacognitive deficits in categorization tasks in a population with impaired inner speech. Acta Psychologica, 181, 62-74.

Larsen, S.F., Schrauf, R.W., Fromhold, P., & Rubin, D.C. (2002). Inner Speech and Bilingual Autobiographical Memory: A Polish-Danish Cross-Cultural Study. Memory, 10(1), 45-54.

Lebedinskij, S.I. (2008). Vosprijatie ustnoj nauchnoj rechi: strategii segmentacii zvuchashhej rechi i identifikacii terminov [Perception of Oral Scientific Speech: Strategies for Segmenting Sounding Speech and Identifying Terms]. Minsk: BGU [in Russian].

Leontiev, A.A. (1969). Psiholingvisticheskie edinicy i porozhdenie rechevogo vyskazyvanija [Psycholinguistic Units and the Generation of Speech Utterance]. Moscow: Nauka [in Russ.].

Leontiev, A.A. (2003). Osnovyi psiholingvistiki [Fundamentals of Psycholinguistics] (3rd ed.). Moscow: Smysl [in Russ.].

Levelt, W.J. (1995). The ability to speak: from intentions to spoken words. European Review, 3, 13-23.

Levelt, W.J.M. (1989). Speaking: from intention to articulation. Cambridge, MA, Mit Press.

Levine, D.N., Calvanio, R., & Popovics, A. (1982). Language in the Absence of Inner Speech. Neuropsychologia, 20, 391-409.

Luria, A.R. (1998).Yazyk i soznanie [Language and Cognition]. In E.D. Khomskaya (Ed.). Rostov n/D: Feniks [in Russ.].

Luria, A.R. (2002). Pismo i rech: Nejrolingvisticheskie issledovanija [Writing and Speaking: Neurolinguistics Researches]. Moscow: Akademija [in Russ.].

Luria, A.R., & Tsvetkova, L.S. (1967). K voprosu o narushenii vyskazyvanija pri lokalnyh porazhenijah mozga [On the Questionof Speech Disorders in Local Brain Defeats]. Problemy jazykoznanija – Problems of Linguistics (pp. 235-239). Moscow [in Russian].

Luria, A.R., & Tsvetkova, L.S. (1968). Nejropsikhologicheskij analiz predikativnoj struktury vyskazyvanija [Neuropsychological Analysis of the Predicative Structure of a Statement]. Teorija rechevoj dejatelnosti – Theory of Speech Activity (pp. 219-233). Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].

Masumura, R. et al. (2019). Generalized Large-Context Language Models Based on Forward-Backward Hierarchical Recurrent Encoder-Decoder Models. Proceeding of the Conference IEEE ASRU’ 2019 Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding Workshop (pp. 554-561). Brighton.

McCarthy-Jones, S., & Fernyhough, C. (2011). The Varieties of Inner Speech: Links Between Quality of Inner Speech and Psychopathological Variables in a Sample of Young Adults. Consciousness Cognition, 20(4), 1586-1593.

McGuire, P.K., Silbersweig, D.A., Murray, R.M. et al. (1996a). Functional Anatomy of Inner Speech and Auditory Verbal Imagery. Psychological Medecine, 26, 29-38.

McGuire, P.K., Silbersweig, D.A., Wright, I. et al. (1996b). The Neural Correlates of Inner Speech and Auditory Verbal Imagery in Schizophrenia: Relationship to Auditory Verbal Hallucinations. British Journal of Psychiatry, 169(2), 148-159.

Meacham, J.A. (1979). The Role of Verbal Activity in Remembering The Goals of Actions. In G. Zivin (Ed), The Development of Self-Regulation through Private Speech (pp. 237-323). New York: Wiley.

Melinger, A., & Levelt, W. (2004). Gesture and the Communicative Intention of the Speaker. Gesture, 4, 119-141.

Miller, K. (2005). Communication Theories: Perspectives, Processes, and Context. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Miyake, A., Emerson, M.J., Padilla, F., & Ahn, J.-C. (2004). Inner Speech as a Retrieval aid for Task Goals: The Effects of Cue Type and Articulatory Suppression inthe Random Task Cuing Paradigm. Acta Psychologica, 115, 123-142.

Morin, A. (2003). A Neuro-socio-cognitive Model of Self-awareness. Poster presented at the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness. Memphis, Tennessee.

Morin, A. (2004). A Neurocognitive and Socioecological Model of Self-Awareness. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 130(3), 197-222.

Morin, A. (2005). Possible Links Between Self-Awareness and Inner Speech: Theoretical Background, Underlying Mechanism, and Empirical Evidence. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 12(4-5), 115-134.

Morin, A. (2009). Self-awareness Deficits Following Loss of Inner Speech: Dr. Jill Bolte Taylor’s Case Study. Consciousness and Cognition, 18, 524-529.

Morin, A., & Everett, J. (1990). Inner Speech as a Mediator of Self-Awareness, Self-Consciousness, and Self-Knowledge: An hypothesis’. New Ideas in Psychology, 8(3), 337-356.

Morin, A., & Michaud, J. (2007). Self-Awareness and the Left Frontal Gyrus: Inner Speech Use During Self-Related Processing. Brain Research Bulletin, 74, 387-396.

Moulin-Frier, C., Diard, J., Schwartz, J.L., & Bessière, P. (2015). COSMO (“Communicating about Objects using Sensory–Motor Operations”): A Bayesian modeling framework for studying speech communication and the emergence of phonological systems. Journal of Phonetics, 53, 5-41.

Moulin-Frier, C., Laurent, R., Bessière, P., Schwartz, J. L., & Diard, J. (2012). Adverse conditions improve distinguishability of auditory, motor, and perceptuo-motor theories of speech perception: An exploratory Bayesian modelling study. Language and Cognitive Processes, 27(7-8), 1240-1263.

Murzin, L.N., & Shtern, A.S. (1991). Tekst i ego vosprijatie [The Text and its Perception]. Sverdlovsk: Izd-vo Ural. Un-ta [in Russ.].

Mykhalchuk, N.O. (2013). Psihologіja chitannja lіteraturnih tvorіv starshoklasnikami [Psychology of Reading Literary Works by the High School Students]. Doctor’s thesis. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Novikov, A.I. (2007). Tekst i ego smyslovye dominanty [Text and its Semantic Dominants]. In N.V. Vasilva, N.M. Nesterova & N.P. Peshkova (Eds.). Moscow: Institut jazykoznanija RAN [in Russian].

Novikov, A.I. (2007). Tekst i ego smyslovye dominanty [Text and its Semantic Dominants]. In N.V. Vasilva, N.M. Nesterova & N.P. Peshkova (Eds.). Moscow: Institut jazykoznanija RAN [in Russian].

Oppenheim, G.M., & Dell, G.S. (2008). Inner Speech Slips Exhibit Lexical Bias, but Not the Phonemic Similarity Effect. Cognition, 106, 528-537.

Panzner, M., Gaspers, J., & Cimiano, P. (2019). Modeling the Co-Emergence of Linguistic Constructions and Action Concepts: The Case of Action Verbs. IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, 11(3), 435-449.

Patri, J.-F., Perrier, P., and Diard, J. (2016). “Bayesian modeling in speech motor control: a principled structure for the integration of various constraints,” 17th Annual Conference of the In-ternational Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2016), Sep 2016, San Francisco, United States (pp. 3588–3592).

Paulesu, E., Frith, C.D., & Frackowiak, R.S. (1993). The neural correlates of the verbal component of working memory. Nature 362(6418), 342-345.

Perrone-Bertolotti, M., Rapin. L., Lachaux, J.P., et al. (2014). What is that Little Voice Inside My Head? Inner Speech Phenomenology, its Role in Cognitive Performance, and Its Relation to Self-Monitoring. Behavioural Brain Research, 261, 220-239.

Potter, J., & Wetherell, M. (1987). Discourse and Social Psychology: Beyond Attitudes and Behaviour. London, U.K.: Sage Publications Ltd. Retrieved from

Relano-Iborra, H., Zaar, J. & Dau, T. (2019). A speech-based computational auditory signal processing and perception model. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 146(5), 3306-3317.

Roberts, R.N. (1979). Private Speech in Academic Problem-solving: A Naturalistic Perspective. In G. Zivin (Ed), The Development of Self-Regulation through Private Speech (pp. 295-324). New York: Wiley.

Salkind, N. (Ed.). (2007). Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Sanchez, M. (2018). Linguistic and psycholinguistic models of the subject-verb agreement production: a review. Revista de Investigacion Linguistica, 21, 208-230.

Schwartz, J., Robert-Ribes, J. & Escudier, P. (1998). Ten years after Summerfield. A taxonomy of models for audiovisual fusion in speech perception. In R. Campbell, B. Dodd, D. Burnham (Eds.), Hearing by Eye II. Perspectives and directions in research on audiovisual aspects of language processing, Psychology Press, Hove (pp. 85-108). UK: Psychology Press Ltd.

Smirnov, A.A. (1966). Problemy psihologii pamjati [Problems of the Psychology of Memory]. Moscow: Prosveshhenie [in Russian].

Smith, R.A., & Bishop, R.E. (2019). Insights into Stigma Management Communication Theory: Considering Stigmatization as Interpersonal Influence. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 5, 571-590.

Sokolov, A.N. (1968). Vnutrennyaya rech i myishlenie [Internal speech and Thinking]. Moscow: Prosveschenie [in Russian].

Sokolov, E.N. (1969). Mehanizmy pamjati [Mechanisms of Memory]. Moscow: Izd-vo MGU [in Russ.].

Sorokin Yu.A., Markovina I.Yu., & Kryukov A.N. (1988). Jetnopsiholingvistika [Ethnopsycholinguistics]. Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].

Stark, B.C., Geva, S., & Warburton, E.A. (2017). Inner Speech’s Relationship With Overt Speech in Poststroke Aphasia. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60, 2406-2415.

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basic of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Stubbe, M. et al. (2003). Myltiple Discourse Analyses of a Workplace Interaction. Discourse Studies, 5(3), 354.

Summerfield, Q. (1987). Some preliminaries to a comprehensive account of audio-visual speech perception. In B. Dodd & R. Campbell (Eds.), Hearing by eye: The psychology of lip-reading (p. 3–51). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Synytsa, I.O. (1974). Psykholohiia Usnoho Movlennia uchniv 4-8 klasiv [Psychology of Oral Speech of Students in Grades 4-8]. Kyiv: Radianska shkola [in Ukr.].

Synytsa, I.O. (1974). Psykholohiia Usnoho Movlennia uchniv 4-8 klasiv [Psychology of Oral Speech of Students in Grades 4-8]. Kyiv: Radianska shkola [in Ukr.].

Tian, Y. et al. (2019). Research on Modeling and Analysis of Generative Conversational System Based on Optimal Joint Structural and Linguistic Model. SENSORS, 19(7).

Tsourvakas, G. (1997). Mulyi-Visual Qualitative Method: Observing Social Groups in Mass Media. The Qualitative Report, 3(3), 1-18. Retrieved from

Tsvetkova, L.S. (2001). Afazija i vosstanovitelnoe obuchenie [Aphasia and Rehabilitation Training]. Moscow: MPSI [in Russ.].

Verstichel, P., Bourak, C., Font, V., & Crochet, G. (1997). Langage intйrieur aprиs lйsion cйrйbrale gauche: Etude de la reprйsentation phonologique des mots chez des patients aphasiques et non aphasiques [Inner Speech and Left Brain Damage: Study of the Phonological Analysis of Words in Aphasic and Non-aphasic Patients]. Revue de Neuropsychologie, 7(3), 281-311.

Volzhentseva, I.V., Balko E.V., & Bondar L.S. (2015). Matematicheskaja statistika v psihologii: nekotorye parametricheskie i neparametricheskie metody [Mathematical statistics in psychology: some parametric and nonparametric methods: a tutorial]. Makeevka: Makeevskij jekonomiko-gumanitarnyj institut [in Russian].

Vygotsky, L.S. (1934). Myshlenie i rech [Thought and Language]. Moscow – Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoe socialno-jekonomicheskoe izatelstvo [in Russ.].

Vygotsky, L.S. (1956). Izbrannye psihologicheskie issledovanija [Selected Psychological Researches]. Moscow: Izd-voAkad. ped. Nauk [in Russ.].

Vygotsky, L.S. (1986b). Psihologija Iskusstva [Psychology of Art]. Moscow: Iskusstvo [in Russ.].

Vygotsky, L.S. (1986b). Thought and Language (newly revised, translated, and edited byAlex Kozulin). Cambridge (Massachusetts): The M.l.T. Press.

Vygotsky, L.S. (2000). Psihologija [Psychology]. Moscow: EKSMO-Press [in Russ.].

Vygotsky, L.S. (2011). Myshlenie i rech [Thought and Language]. Moscow: AST: Astrel [in Russ.].

Zhinkin, N.I. (1958). Mehanizmyi rechi [The Mechanisms of Speech]. Moscow: APN RSFSR [in Russ.].

Zhinkin, N.I. (1964). O kodovyh perehodah vo vnutrennej rechi [About Code Transitions in the Inner Speech]. Voprosyj azykoznanija – Questions of Linguistics, 6, 26-38.

Zhinkin, N.I. (1982). Rech kak provodnik informacii [Speech as a Transformer of Information]. Mocow: Nauka [in Russ.].

Zimniaya, I.A. (2001). Lingvopsihologija rechevoj dejatelnosti [Lingvopsychology of speech activity]. Moscow: Moskovskij psihologo-socialnyj institut, Voronezh: NPO “MODJeK” [in Russ.].

Zivin, G. (1979). Removing Common Confusions about Egocentric Speech, Private Speech, and Self-Regulation. In G. Zivin (Ed), The Development of Self-Regulation Through Private Speech (pp. 13-49). New York: Wiley.

Abstract views: 202
PDF Downloads: 111
How to Cite
Kalmykova, L., Kharchenko, N., Volzhentseva, I., Kalmykov, H., & Mysan, I. (2020). Actualization of the Internal Speech Problems in Psycholinguistics of Communication: The Results of a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 28(1), 83-148.