Structural Types of English, French and Ukrainian Fish Names
The article is devoted to the identification of structural types of English, French and Ukrainian ichthyonyms based on the interpretation of their onomasiological structure. The four structural types of fish names in English, French and Ukrainian are established, they are derivatives, compounds, two-component and multi-component nouns. The most productive suffixes for forming derivatives are found out. The associative, distant-syntagmatic, contact-syntagmatic and integrated compound types are characterized. The structural models of two-component and multi-component nouns are identified. It is found out that structural differences between English, French and Ukrainian ichthyonyms are expressed by the productivity of different structural types of fish names in three languages (compounds prevail in English, multi-component nouns – in French, derivatives - in Ukrainian).
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