Psycho-Professional Discourse as an Expression of the Subject’s of Speech Intentional Orientation to an Addressee
The article is devoted to the problem of speech communication, which takes place in the dyad of partners of the psychotherapeutic alliance. It reveals the specifics of the informal, intimate kind of professional-psychological discourse which is intentionally directed by the subject of speech (the psychotherapist) to support the addressee (client), as well as it shines a light on understanding of the distinguished and nominated by the author of the discourse-support and its subtypes, in particular: discourse-elimination (removal) of the reproaches of conscience, discourse-defense, discourse-hope, discourse- consolation, discourse-conciliation, discourse-praise, discourse-approval, discourse-motivation, discourse-inspiration. Discourse-support is considered in the article as an explicit psychotherapist’s verbal help, which allows maintaining the viability of the client, strengthens his life-affirming position, which appeared under the influence of psychotherapeutic interactions to support new vivid patterns of feelings, consciousness and behavior; to inspire confidence in achieving the possible, to cheer on the probable beginnings of the client. The subtypes of discourses are characterized and described in accordance with target and intentional parameters with indication of specific examples. The theoretical and empirical results of the research, presented in the article, are based on the data of the discourse analysis, intent-analysis, meta-analysis and the semantic analysis of dialogical statements; they give grounds for considering discourse-support as a constructive speech effect of the subject of discursive influence on the addressee. In psychotherapeutic doctrine, this action is manifested in the fact that the therapist explicitly or implicitly passes to the client a programmed view of the world and it is a certain way of being, in which all that is important for the well-being of a person is subjected in some cases to investigation, cognition, objectification, reflection and control, and in others – to the unconscious states and beliefs under the influence of suggestions. The analyzed discourses cause changes in feelings, ideas, words or actions of other people with whom psychologists enter into communication, they become the main factor of their discursive activity, based on the recognition of the inner world of the subject which is influenced, an important psychological substrate of making an effort in order to help him to make some constructive changes in his life, to make his life more lucky, self-sufficient and more realized.
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