Psycho-Professional Discourse as an Expression of the Subject’s of Speech Intentional Orientation to an Addressee

Keywords: discourse-support, subject of a discursive influence, addressee, intentional orientation, purpose of the discourse production


The article is devoted to the problem of speech communication, which takes place in the dyad of partners of the psychotherapeutic alliance. It reveals the specifics of the informal, intimate kind of professional-psychological discourse which is intentionally directed by the subject of speech (the psychotherapist) to support the addressee (client), as well as it shines a light on understanding of the distinguished and nominated by the author of the discourse-support and its subtypes, in particular: discourse-elimination (removal) of the reproaches of conscience, discourse-defense, discourse-hope, discourse- consolation, discourse-conciliation, discourse-praise, discourse-approval, discourse-motivation, discourse-inspiration. Discourse-support is considered in the article as an explicit psychotherapist’s verbal help, which allows maintaining the viability of the client, strengthens his life-affirming position, which appeared under the influence of psychotherapeutic interactions to support new vivid patterns of feelings, consciousness and behavior; to inspire confidence in achieving the possible, to cheer on the probable beginnings of the client. The subtypes of discourses are characterized and described in accordance with target and intentional parameters with indication of specific examples. The theoretical and empirical results of the research, presented in the article, are based on the data of the discourse analysis, intent-analysis, meta-analysis and the semantic analysis of dialogical statements; they give grounds for considering discourse-support as a constructive speech effect of the subject of discursive influence on the addressee. In psychotherapeutic doctrine, this action is manifested in the fact that the therapist explicitly or implicitly passes to the client a programmed view of the world and it is a certain way of being, in which all that is important for the well-being of a person is subjected in some cases to investigation, cognition, objectification, reflection and control, and in others – to the unconscious states and beliefs under the influence of suggestions. The analyzed discourses cause changes in feelings, ideas, words or actions of other people with whom psychologists enter into communication, they become the main factor of their discursive activity, based on the recognition of the inner world of the subject which is influenced, an important psychological substrate of making an effort in order to help him to make some constructive changes in his life, to make his life more lucky, self-sufficient and more realized.


Download data is not yet available.


Bahtin, M.M. (1979). Estetika slovesnogo tvorchestva [Aesthetics of verbal creativity]. Moscow: Iskusstvo [in Russian].
Bgazhnokov, B.H. (1973). Psiholingvisticheskaya problema rechevogo obscheniya (lichnostno i sotsialno orientirovannoe rechevoe obschenie) [Psycholinguistic problem of speech communication (personal and socially oriented speech communication)]. Candidate’s thesis. Moscow [in Russian].
Byudzhental, Dzh. (2008). Iskusstvo psihoterapevta [The art of psychotherapist]. Moscow: Izd-vo Korvet [in Russian].
Vayner, I. (2002). Osnovyi psihoterapii [The Basics of Psychotherapy]. S-Pb. Piter [in Russian].
Kalina, N.F. (2001). Osnovyi psihoanaliza [The foundations of psychoanalysis]. Kyiv: Refl-buk [in Ukrainian].
Kalmykova, E.S., & Mergentaller, E. (1998). Narrativ v psihoterapii: rasskazyi patsientov o lichnoy istorii [Narrative in psychotherapy: stories of patients about personal history]. Psihologicheskiy zhurnal – Psychological journal, 5, 97–104 [in Russian].
Kalmykov, G.V. (2017а). Dyskurs jak movlennjevyj vplyv [Discourse as a speech influence]. Psiholingvistika – Psycholinguistics, 21(1), 112–127 [in Ukrainian].
Kalmykov, G.V. (2017б). Profesiyno-psihologichniy diskurs yak instrument vplivu na adresata [Professional and psychological discourse as an instrument of infl uence on the addressee]. Psiholіngvіstika – Psycholinguistics, 22(1), 104–123 [in Ukrainian]. doi:
Kubrak, T.A. (2011). Diskurs psihologicheskogo konsultirovaniya. Diskurs vsovremennom mire [Discourse of psychological counseling. Discourse in the Modern World], Psihologicheskie issledovaniya – Psychological research. N.D. Pavlova & I.A. Zachesova (Ed.). Moscow: Institut psihologii RAN [in Russian].
Latyinov, V.V. (2012). Psihologicheskoe vozdeystivie: printsipyi, mehanizmyi, teorii. [Psychological influence: principles, mechanisms, theories], Psihologicheskoe vozdeystvie : mehanizmyi, strategii, vozmozhnosti protivodeystviya – Psychological impact: Mechanisms, strategies, countermeasures. A. L. Zhuravleva & N. D. Pavlovoy (Ed.). Moscow: Izd-vo «Institut psihologii RAN» [in Russian].
Leontev, A.A. (1999). Psihologiya obschenii [Psychology of communication]. (3nd ed., rev.). Moscow: Smyisl [in Russian].
Leontev, A.A. (2003). Osnovyi psiholingvistiki [Fundamentals of psycholinguistics]. (3nd ed., rev.). Moscow: Smyisl; SPb. : Lan [in Russian].
Lihtenberg, Dzh., Ligman, F., & Fossedzh, Dzh. (2003). Klinicheskie vzaimodestvie: teoreticheskoe i prikladnyie aspektyi kontseptsii motivatsionnih sistem [Clinical interaction: theoretical and applied aspects of the concept of motivational systems]. Moscow: «Kogiti-tsentr» [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D. (2000). Kommunikativnaya funktsiya rechi: intentsionalnaya i interaktivnaya sostavlyayuschie [The communicative function of speech: intentional and interactive components]. Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis. Moscow [in Russian].
Rossohin, A.V. & Petrovskaya, M.B. (2001). Implitsitnyie soderzhaniya psihoanaliticheskogo dialoga: ekspertnyie vozmozhnosti kompyuternoy psiholingvistiki [The implicit contents of psychoanalytic dialogue: the expert possibilities of computer psycholinguistics]. Psihologicheskiy zhurnal – Psychological journal, 6(22), 77–86.
Sokolova, E.T., & Burlakova, N.S. (1997). K obosnovaniyu metoda dialogicheskogo analiza sluchaya [The substantiation of the method of dialogical analysis of the case]. Voprosyi psihologii – Questions of Psychology, 2, 61–76.
Yalom, I. (2000). Teoriya i praktika gruppovoy psihoterapii [Theory and practice of group psychotherapy]. SPb.: Izdatelstvo «Piter» [in Russian].
Yagnyuk, K.V. (2014). Anatomiya terapevticheskoy kommunikatsii. Bazovyie navyiki i tehniki : uchebnoe posobie [Anatomy therapeutic communication. Basic skills and techniques]. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr [in Russian].
Argyle, M., & Kendon, A. (1967). The experimental analysis of social performance. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 3, 55–98.
Bakker, A.B. (1999). Persuasive communication about AIDS prevention: need for cognition determines the impact of message format. AIDS education and prevention, 11(2), 150–162.
Briñol, P., & Petty, R.E. (2005). Individual differences in persuasion. The handbook of attitudes and attitude change, 575–616.
Briñol, P., & Petty, R. E. (2006). Fundamental Processes Leading to Attitude Change: Implications for Cancer Prevention Communications. Journal of Communication, 56(1), 81–104. doi:10.1111/j.1460-2466.2006.00284
Cabaniss, D.L., Cherry, S., Douglas, C.J., & Schwartz, A.R. (2011). Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: A clinical manual. Wiley-Blackwee.
Devos-Comby, L., & Salovey, P. (2002). Applying persuasion strategies to alter HIV-relevant thoughts and behavior. Review of General Psychology, 6(3), 287–304. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.6.3.287
May, R. (1969). Love and will. Oxford, England: Norton & and Company.
Petty, R.E., & Wegener, D.T. (1998). Attitude change: Multiple roles for persuasion variables. The handbook of social psychology, 1, 323–390.
Petty, R.E., & Cacioppo, J.T. (1986). Communication and persuasion: Central and peripheral routes to attitude change. New York: Springer-Verla.
Quasihoff, U.M. (1980). Erzaehlen in Gespraechen. Tuebingen: Narr.
Tormala, Z.L., Petty, R.E., & Briñol, P. (2002). Ease of Retrieval Effects in Persuasion: A Self-Validation Analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(12), 1700–1712. doi: 10.1177/014616702237651
Williams-Piehota, P., Schneider, T.R., Pizarro, G., Mowad, L., & Salovey, P, (2003). Matching Health Messages to Information-Processing Styles: Need for Cognition and Mammography Utilization. Health Communication, 15(4), 375–392. doi: 10. 1207/S15327027HC1504_01

Abstract views: 276
PDF Downloads: 203
How to Cite
Kalmykov, H. (2018). Psycho-Professional Discourse as an Expression of the Subject’s of Speech Intentional Orientation to an Addressee. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, (23(1), 73-98.