Peculiarities of the Development of Adolescents Interpersonal Speech Communication
The article considers interpersonal speech communication of adolescents as a semantic interaction of its subjects, which involves the presence of such speech abilities as speaking and listening, the functional communicative unit of which is the statement (message) that is inextricably linked with the lexical-semantic and grammatical meanings. It is assumed that: а) the system-forming factor of the organization of interpersonal speech communication of adolescents is self-regulation as a purposeful process of their mental activity self-organization; b) the specificity of communicative situations determines the variability of the person's self-regulation during the period of growing-up; c) the main factor in providing the constructive interpersonal speech communication of the growing personality is the updated need for success.
The criteria of speech communication of adolescents (speech-linguistic, communicative) and corresponding markers were determined; as diagnostic indicators of the communicative criterion is recognized the ability to listen to others, manifestations of self-control in the process of speech communication, achievement of success in different situations of communicative interpersonal interaction of the young person; the speech-linguistic criterion is represented by such diagnostic indicators as: grammatical and logical characteristics of the statement, the use of the appropriate linguistic means by the adolescent in the process of communicative interpersonal interaction, the expediency of use in expressing the speech units aimed at their positive perception by other people.
Based on the analysis of empirical material, the content of interpersonal speech communication of 12-15-year-old adolescents is outlined; the most significant parameters are highlighted that act as the attractors of the sense formation of the communicative circle of adolescents in different situations of social interaction and produce the ability of teenagers to achieve the high level of self-regulation during the realization of interpersonal speech communication. On the basis of the performed quantitative and qualitative data analysis on the determined parameters the peculiarities of the development of interpersonal speech communication in different age groups of teenagers are shown.
The results of the empirical research showed slight indicators of the high level of speech communication development among adolescents that are least represented among teenagers of the older age group; this tendency determines destructive (conflict) manifestations of speech-communicative acts in the overwhelming majority of respondents.
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