Psychosemantics of the Concept of “Mental Health” in the Language Consciousness of Students of Pedagogical Specialties

Keywords: free associative experiment, language consciousness, mental health, psycholinguistic analysis, frame analysis, frame

Abstract

Purpose. The article, in accordance with the purpose of the study, describes the results of psycholinguistic and frame analysis of the concept of “mental health” in the language consciousness of future teachers.

Methods. The study used the method of free associative experiment and the method of incomplete sentences, namely the construction “mental health”. The sample consisted of first- and second-year students of pedagogical specialties of three universities of Ukraine.

Results. The psycholinguistic analysis of the concept of “mental health” by the method of free associative experiment revealed that students of pedagogical specialties mainly describe this concept by the following associations: “balance”, “calm” and “harmony”. Peripheral reactions predominate among the associations obtained, which indicates that students of pedagogical specialties do not have a single understanding of the concept of “mental health” and the dominance of subjective ideas about it, based on previous experience. Psycholinguistic analysis of the obtained associations with the concept of “mental health”, according to the grammatical criterion, showed the predominance of paradigmatic grammatical associations, which indicates the development of respondents' complex and analytical thinking, which are characteristic of future teachers. The thematic analysis of the obtained associations showed their significant thematic diversity, which indicates the diversity of higher education students' ideas about the concept of “mental health”. Frame analysis of the text made it possible to identify three leading categories in defining the concept of “mental health”: psyche, factors and activities. It is established that the most represented in the definition of the concept of “mental health” is the frame of the psyche, and the smallest in number was the concept of the frame of activity. By highlighting the most frequent words in each frame, a script of the studied text was constructed to understand the concept of “mental health”: internal state and level of well-being – factor – behavior. The discourse script clearly demonstrates the understanding of the essence of the concept of “mental health”, its causality and ways of preservation.

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Author Biographies

Hanna Ivaniuk, Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (Ukraine)

Dr. Sc. in Pedagogy, Professor
E-mail: h.ivaniuk@kubg.edu.ua
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7758-5121

Іnna Melnyk, Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (Ukraine)

Ph.D. in Psychology, Assistant Professor
E-mail: i.melnyk@kubg.edu.ua
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4876-1322

Tamara Proshkuratova, Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (Ukraine)

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Published
2022-03-14
How to Cite
Ivaniuk, H., MelnykІ., & Proshkuratova, T. (2022). Psychosemantics of the Concept of “Mental Health” in the Language Consciousness of Students of Pedagogical Specialties. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 31(1), 44-62. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2022-31-1-44-62