Psychological Features of Production the Description by 5-6-Years Old Children
The article presents the linguistic features of the description as one of the types of monologue. It is determined that the description is a functional-semantic type of speech, which is its typified variety as a sample, a model of a monologue message in the form of recalculation of simultaneous or permanent features of an object in the broad sense and those having a definite linguistic structure for this purpose. Synchronous (simultaneous) connections, which are expressed in this type of speech, are explicit, visible, directly observable and require a logical comprehension. Linguistic features of the descriptive type of utterance are established according to its types: portrait, landscape, characteristic, interior, still life, description of action, object, state of nature or person. Structural and syntactic properties of this monologue type of speech are characterized. According to psycholinguistic data, it is established that a child in the process of thinking can record objectively existing relationships and express them in a language in the form of a description. The indicators of the communicative criterion were distinguished: the variety of descriptions that children create; the number of micro themes and the degree of their deployment; the informativeness of children’s descriptions; the compositional features of descriptions; the syntax of a coherent whole (grammatical methods of inter phrasal communication); syntactic peculiarities of children’s descriptions (word-combinations and sentences) and their grammatical system; the adequacy of lexical and grammatical means of child’s expression to the language standards of discreption. The particular attention in the work is paid to the psycholinguistic analysis of descriptive statements of the 5-6 years old children according to the certain indicators of communicative criteria. According to the obtained results of the analysis of speech utterances – the descriptions of recipients, the assumption is made that the consideration of the linguistic features of this functional-semantic type of speech in the process of descriptive statements constructing will make it possible to use consciously the diversity of the syntactic content of the linguistic material inherent in this type of a monologue speech, to take into account its compositional peculiarities and grammatical methods of inter phrasal communication.
Ahutina, T.V. (2008). Porozhdenie rechi: nejrolingvisticheskij analiz sintaksisa [Speech production. Neurolinguistic analysis of syntax]. Moscow: Izd-vo «LKI» [in Russian].
Bohush, A.M., & Havrysh, N.V. (2013). Rozvytok movlennia ditei starshoho doshkilnoho viku [The development of speech in senior preschool children]. Kyiv : Heneza [in Ukrainian].
Gohlerner, M.M., Ejger G.V., & Rapoport I.A. (1992). Chuvstvo yazyka: psiholingvisticheskij i didakticheskij aspekty [Sense of language: psycholinguistic and didactic aspects]. Nikolaev : Nikolaev.ped.un-t [in Ukrainian].
Domorackaya, Z.A. (1979). Osobennosti opisanij detej 6 let [Features descriptions of children 6 years old]. Harakteristika svyaznoj rechi detej 6-7 let – Characteristics of coherent speech of children 6-7 years old (pp.71–78). Moscow: APNSSSR [in Russian].
Zhinkin, N.I. (2009). Psiholingvistika: Izbrannye trudy [Psycholinguistics: Selected research]. Moscow: Labirint [in Russian].
Zrazhevskaya, A.L. (1984). Formirovanie svyaznoj opisatel'noj rechi v srednej gruppe detskogo sada [Formation of coherent descriptive speech in the middle group of kindergarten]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Moscow [in Russian].
Istomina, Z.M. (1956). Vliyanie slovesnogo obrazca i naglyadnogo materiala na razvitie rechi rebenka-doshkolnika [The inﬂ uence of a verbal sample and visual material on development of speech in рreschool children]. Izvestiya APN RSFSR – Proceedings of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the RSFSR. Retrieved from http://psychlib.ru/mgppu/Edp-2007/Edp-001.htm#$$f153 [in Russian].
Kalmykova, L.O. (2003). Formuvannia movlennievykh umin i navychok u ditei: psykholinhvistychnyi ta linhvometodychnyi aspekty [Formation of speech skills in children: psycholinguistic and lingomechanical aspects]. Kyiv: NMTSVO [in Ukrainian].
Kalmykova, L. O., Kharchenko, N. V., Demianenko, S. D., & Poriadchenko, L. A. (2007). Rozvytok movlennia ditei starshoho doshkilnoho viku [The development of speech in senior preschool children]. Kyiv: «PP Medviediev» [in Ukrainian].
Krasnyih, V.V. (2012). Osnovyi psiholingvistiki [Fundamentals of psycholinguistics]. Moscow: Gnozis [in Russian].
Ladyzhenskaya, T.A. (1979). Ob izuchenii svyaznoy rechi detey, postupayuschih v shkolu [The study of children’s coherent speech who come to school]. Harakteristika svyaznoj rechi detej 6-7 let – Characteristics of coherent speech of children 6-7 years old (рр. 6–29). Moscow: Pedagogikа [in Russian].
Leontev, A.A. (1999). Osnovy psiholingvistiki [Fundamentals of psycholinguistics]. Moscow: Smysl [in Russian].
Lepskaya, N.I. (1997). Yazyk rebyonka: ontogenez rechevoy kommunikacii [The child language: the ontogenesis of speech communication]. Moscow: MGU im. M. V. Lomonosova [in Russian].
Leushina, A.M. (1941). Razvitie svyaznoy rechi u doshkolnikov [The development of coherent speech in preschool children].Uchenye zapiski LGPI im. A. I. Gercena – Scholastic memoranda of the LSPU AI Herzen 30, 27–71 [in Russian].
Luriya, A.R. (1998). Yazyk i soznanie [Language and consciousness]. In E.D. Homskaya (Ed). Rostov na Donu: Izd-vo «Feniks» [in Russian].
Lyublinskaya, A.A. (1971). Detskaya psihologiya [Child psychology]. Moscow: Prosveschenie [in Russian].
Nechaeva, O.A. (1974). Funktsionalno-smyislovyie tipyi rechi (opisanie, povestvovaniei rassuzhdenie) [Functional-semantic types of speech (description, narrative and reasoning)]. Ulan-Ude : Buryatskoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo [in Russian].
Uluhuzhaev, N.Z. (2016). Opisanie kak funktsionalno-smyislovoy tip monologicheskoy rechi [Description as a functional-semantic type of monological speech]. Molodoy uchenyiy – Young Scientist, 26 802–805. Retrieved from https://moluch.ru/archive/130/35997/ [in Russian].
Elkonin, D.B. (1998). Razvitie ustnoy i pismennoy rechi uchaschihsya [The development of oral and written speech in pupils]. Moscow: INTOR [in Russian].
Gombert, J.E. (1992). Metalinguistic Development. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Çetin, Y., Griffiths, C., Özel, Z. & Kinay, H. (2016). Affective Overload: The Effect of Emotive Visual Stimuli on Target Vocabulary Retrieval. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. 45(2), 275–285. doi: 10.1007/s10936-014-9344-0
Abstract views: 106 PDF Downloads: 109
Copyright (c) 2018 Psycholinguistics
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.