Prayeras the Subject of Speech Activity and its Communicative Intension

Keywords: prayer, communicative intention, speech activity, religiosity, religious discourse


The article reveals the phenomenon of prayer as a form of communication between individual and God. It is shown that prayer as a subject of speech activity is the leading form of religious discourse. Based on the analysis of the definitions and classifications of prayer in psychological and psycholinguistic studies, the author concluded that the communicative intention of prayer is highly variable and emphasized the significant heuristic potential of the psychodiagnostic method of prayer for revealing the individual characteristics of prayer appeals. It is noted mentioned in M. Poloma, N.M. Savelyuk, B. Spilka, R. Foster and other scholars research types of prayer ("prayer-request for yourself and others", "prayer-gratitude", "prayer-meditation", "prayer-ritual" etc.) form the basis for creating multi-tool psychological technique. Adapted Ukrainian version of A. Lukow’spsychodiagnostic questionnaire for investigating the communicative intentions of prayer showed high validity and reliability. The adaptation of the technique to the Ukrainian-language sample resulted in the transformation of its internal structure: unlike the six-factor English version of the original scale, seven subscales were identified in the presented method. The subscales of the questionnaire ("prayer as a confession", "prayer as a request for others", "prayer as gratitude", "prayer as a request for oneself", "prayer as a ritual", "prayer as a meditation" and "prayer as a habit") provide an opportunity to comprehensively reveal the place and role of prayer types in the religious communicative behavior of a person, to reveal the communicative intention of turning to God. The article presents the statements on all 25 items of the final version of the questionnaire, as well as the normative values ​​for the subscales. It is emphasized that the adapted material of the technique can serve as material for psycholinguistic studies of religious discourse.


Download data is not yet available.


Beckman, R.J. (1995). Prayer: beginning conversations with God. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg.
David, J.P. (1999). Structure of Prayer Scale. In P.C. Hill & R.W. Hood (Eds.), Measuresof Religiosity (pp. 70–72). Birmingham, Alabama: Religious Education Press.
dela Mora, A. (2004). The God factor: the role of religious involvement on depression, health, and well-being. Dissertation Abstracts International, 65(06), 3221B. (UMI No. 3136303).
Foster, R.J. (2002). Prayer: finding the heart's true home. San Francisco: Harper.
Hallesby, O. (1975). Prayer. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg.
Janssen, J.A., Prins M.H., Van Der Lans, J.M., & Baerveldt, C. (2000). The structure and variety of prayer: an empirical study of Dutch youth. Journal for the scientific study of religion, 29, 99–107.
Karpenko, Z.S. (2009). Aksiolohichna psykholohia osobystosti [Axiological psychology of personality]. Ivano-Frankivsk : Lileia-NV [in Ukrainian].
Kuznetsov, O.I. (2017). Religiousness: Components, Types and Coping Strategies. Science and education, 11, 70–75. doi: 10.24195/2414-4665-2017-11-9
Luckow, A., Ladd, K.L., Spilka, B., Mcintosh, D.N., Parks, C., & LaForett, D. (1997). The structure of prayer. Un published manuscript, University of Denver, Denver, CO.
McCullough, M.E., Willoughby, B.L. (2009). Religion, self-regulation, and self-control: Associations, explanations, and implications. Psychological Bulletin, 135(1), 69–93.
Moskalets, V.P. (2004). Psykholohiarelihii [Psychologyofreligion]. Kyiv: Akademvydav [in Ukrainian].
Pargament, K.J., Kennell, J., Hathaway, W., Grevengoed, N., Newman, J., & Jones, W. (1998). Religion and the problem-solving process: three styles of coping. Journal of the scientific study of religion, 27, 90–104.
Poloma, M.M., & Pendleton, B.F. (1989). Exploring types of prayer and quality of life: A research note. Review of Religious Research, 31(1), 46–53.
Savelyuk, N.M. (2015). Psykholinhvistychni osoblyvosti molytvy yak osnovnoho zhanru relihiynoho dyskursu [Psycholinguistic features of prayer as the main genre of religious discourse]. Psykholinhvistyka – Psycholinguistics, 18(1), 99–110 [in Ukrainian].
Spilka, B., & Ladd, K. (2015) Psikhologiya molitvy. Nauchnyy podkhod [Psychology of prayer. A Scientific approach]. Kharkiv: Humanitarian center [in Ukrainian].
Strong, A.L. (2009). The Psychology of Prayer. Charleston: BiblioBazaar.
Vasyliuk, F.Ye. (2005). Perezhyvanie I molitva. Opyt obshchepsikhologicheskogo issledovania [The experience and prayer. Experience of general psychological studies]. Moscow: Smysl [in Russian].
Watts, F., & Williams, M. (1988). The psychology of religious knowing. Cambridge, UK. Cambridge university press.
Zasekina, L.V. (2008). Tendentsiyi rozvytku vitchyznyanoyi psykholinhvistyky: metodolohichny yohlyad problem ta okreslennya shlyakhiv y ikh vyrishennya [Trends in the development of domestic psycholinguistics: methodological review of problems and outline ways to solve them]. Psykholinhvistyka – Psycholinguistics, 1. URL: [in Ukrainian].

Abstract views: 209
PDF Downloads: 179
How to Cite
Khomulenko, T., Kuznetsov, O., & Fomenko, K. (2018). Prayeras the Subject of Speech Activity and its Communicative Intension. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, (23(1), 309-326.