Psychological context of the idea of understanding
In this article there were analyzed different problems of correlation of real and ideal that helps us to answer all questions and forms of philosophical idea of understanding, puts a classic question about truth of knowledge of a man and it presentations in relations to surrounding reality. It was shown that creation of new ideas, invention of new idealizing object takes place out of logic (in particular, at intuitional level), then it means that there can be only logical tautologies in logic, and only those “concepts are clear”, only the ideas are known to the researcher.
The author of the article proposed the criteria of understanding English proverbs. Thus, the criteria for delimiting proverbs and sayings according to their understanding can be divided into two types: 1) a meaningful (semantic) criterion, under which we mean partial/general opposition. So, the meaning of proverbs may contain: а) statement of phenomena and properties; b) their evaluation; c) a prescription, a rule. Unlike proverbs, the sayings do not contain generalizations, they consider only a concrete case, expressing a partial meaning; 2) structural criterion (complementary one).
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