Psycholinguistic Dimension of Communicative Intention: Speaker’s Substance and Syntaxing


Keywords: communicative intention, speaker, psycholinguistics, syntax, tolerant / atolerant communication, direct / indirect statements

Abstract

The article analyzes the communicative intention as a linguistic category which has a direct connection with the psychological space of the linguistic personality, with a number of psychic phenomena, a sphere of consciousness and thinking, with the motivation of the speech activity of communicants and the explication of their intentions in textual communication; the terminological correlation of intention is defined in the context of psycholinguistic concepts «need», «motive», «intent», «intentionality». It was noted that the speaker’s motivation-need generates the preverbal intention, which in the process of communication and text-formation is verbalized through syntactic units.

With the help of well-chosen linguistic methodology, it was found that the communicative intention is the prerogative of the speaker, who enters into the process of communication with his/her emotions and desires, personal beliefs and preferences, with successes and failures, which ultimately marks the intentional horizons of the communication, determines the course of tolerant or atolerant interaction, the choice of commonly used or ethnomarked, direct or indirect means, figurative-rhetorical structures for the verbalization of various intentions.

The illustrative material presents the functioning of tolerant and atolerant registers of communication; it was highlighted that tolerance implies a respectful attitude to the interlocutor, the free realization of the speaker’s individual needs, and the friendly atmosphere of the communication process. Atolerant communication reveals disequilibria which exists in the relationships  between the communicants resulting in the asymmetric speech activity – differences in communicants’ age, physiological and mental state, their intellectual and cultural level make conflicts, aggressiveness and negative behavior of communicants unavoidable.

In the context of research done by foreign and domestic scientists, the opinion was substantiated that the intention is an important component of a person's mental state which can be explicated and become accessible to other subjects of the communication process only with the help of syntactic and discursive-genre resources of the language.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Batsevych, F.S. (2004). Osnovy komunikatyvnoi linhvistyky [The basics of communicative linguistics]. Kyiv: Akademija [in Ukrainian].

Vygotskii, L.S. (1982). Problemy obshchei psikhologii [Probems of general psychology]. (Vols. 1–6). Moscow: Pedagogika [in Russian].

Dzhidarian, I.A. (1976). Esteticheskaia potrebnost [Esthetical need]. Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].

Dridze, T.M. (1984). Tekstovaya deyatel’nost’ v strukture sotsial’noi kommunikatsii [Text activity in the structure of social communication]. Problemy semisotsiopsikhologii – Issues of semisociopsychology. Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].

Zhuravlev, I.,  Zhuravleva, Yu. (2017). K postroeniyu kommunikativnoi modeli rechevogo protsessa: metodologicheskie problemy [On the construction of a communicative model of the speech process: methodological problems]. Voprosy psikholingvistiki – Issues of psycholinguistics, 3(33), 48–61 [in Russian].

Zasiekina, L. (2007). Movna osobystist v suchasnomu sotsialnomu prostori [A linguistic personality in the modern social space]. URL: http://www.politik.org.ua/vid [in Ukrainian].

Zasiekin, S.,  Rozenhart, Yu. (2018). Psykholinhvistychni kompiuterni instrumenty linhvistychnoho ta perekladoznavchoho analizu dyskursu [Psycholinguistic computer tools for linguistic and translation analysis of discourse]. Psykholinhvistyka – Psycholinguistics, 23(2), 94–106 [in Ukrainian]. doi:10.5281/zenodo.1204994

Zimnyaya, I.A. (1987). Psikhologiya teksta kak produkta rechevoi deyatelnosti [Psychology of the text as a product of speech activity]. Yazyk kak kommunikativnaya deyatelnost cheloveka – Language as a communicative activity of a person, 143–149 [in Russian].

Kalmykova, L.O. (2007). Movlennieva diialnist yak skladova predmeta psykholinhvistyky [Speech activity as a component of the subject of psycholinguistics]. Humanitarnyi Visnyk – Humanitarian Herald, 160–164 [in Ukrainian].

Levin, K. (2001). Dinamicheskaia psikhologiia [Dynamic psychology]. Moscow: Smysl URL: http://www.koob.ru/lewin_kurt/dinamicheskaya_psihologiya [in Russian].

Leontуev, A.A. (1969). Psikholingvisticheskie edinitcy i porozhdenie rechevogo vyskazyvaniia [Psycholinguistic units and speech utterances generation]. Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].

Leontуev, A.N. (1971). Potrebnosti, motivy i emotsii [Needs, motives and emotions]. Moscow: University Publishers [in Russian].

Luriya, A.R. (1998). Yazyk i soznanie [Language and Consciousness]. Rostov-na-Donu: Feniks [in Russian].

Orban-Lembryk, L.E. (2004). Sotsialna psykholohiia [Social Psychology]. (Vols. 2). Kyiv: Lybid [in Ukrainian].

Pocheptcov, O.G. (1986). Osnovy pragmaticheskogo opisaniia predlozheniia [Fundamentals of the pragmatic description of the sentence]. Kyiv: Vishcha shkola [in Ukrainian].

Rubinshtein, S.L. (1999). Osnovy obshchei psikhologi [The Basics of General Psychologists]. SPb: Piter. Kom [in Russian].

Selivanova, O.O. (2010). Linhvistychna entsyklopediia [Encyclopedia of inguistics]. Poltava: Dovkillia-K [in Ukrainian].

Stepanov, O.S. (Comp.). (2006). Psykholohichna entsyklopediia [Encyclopedia of Psychology]. Kyiv: Akademvydav [in Ukrainian].

Formanovskaia, N.I. (2002). Rechevoe obshchenie : kommunikativno-pragmaticheskii pokhod [Speech communication: communicative-pragmatic approach]. Moscow: Russkii iazyk [in Russian].

Bosco, F.,  Gabbatore, I. (2017). Theory of mind in recognizing and recovering communicative failures. Applied Psycholinguistics, 38(1), 57–88. doi: 10.1017/S0142716416000047

Bratman, M. (1987). Intention, Plans and Practikal Reasoning. Harvard University Press, Cambridge : MA.

Tillman, R.,  Louwerse, M. (2018). Estimating Emotions Through Language Statistics and Embodied Cognition. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 47(1), 159–167. DOI: 10.1007/s10936-017-9522-y
Published
2018-10-03
How to Cite
Shabat-Savka, S. (2018). Psycholinguistic Dimension of Communicative Intention: Speaker’s Substance and Syntaxing. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 24(2), 321-339. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2018-24-2-321-339