Psycholinguistic Dimension of Communicative Intention: Speaker’s Substance and Syntaxing

Keywords: communicative intention, speaker, psycholinguistics, syntax, tolerant / atolerant communication, direct / indirect statements


The article analyzes the communicative intention as a linguistic category which has a direct connection with the psychological space of the linguistic personality, with a number of psychic phenomena, a sphere of consciousness and thinking, with the motivation of the speech activity of communicants and the explication of their intentions in textual communication; the terminological correlation of intention is defined in the context of psycholinguistic concepts «need», «motive», «intent», «intentionality». It was noted that the speaker’s motivation-need generates the preverbal intention, which in the process of communication and text-formation is verbalized through syntactic units.

With the help of well-chosen linguistic methodology, it was found that the communicative intention is the prerogative of the speaker, who enters into the process of communication with his/her emotions and desires, personal beliefs and preferences, with successes and failures, which ultimately marks the intentional horizons of the communication, determines the course of tolerant or atolerant interaction, the choice of commonly used or ethnomarked, direct or indirect means, figurative-rhetorical structures for the verbalization of various intentions.

The illustrative material presents the functioning of tolerant and atolerant registers of communication; it was highlighted that tolerance implies a respectful attitude to the interlocutor, the free realization of the speaker’s individual needs, and the friendly atmosphere of the communication process. Atolerant communication reveals disequilibria which exists in the relationships  between the communicants resulting in the asymmetric speech activity – differences in communicants’ age, physiological and mental state, their intellectual and cultural level make conflicts, aggressiveness and negative behavior of communicants unavoidable.

In the context of research done by foreign and domestic scientists, the opinion was substantiated that the intention is an important component of a person's mental state which can be explicated and become accessible to other subjects of the communication process only with the help of syntactic and discursive-genre resources of the language.


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How to Cite
Shabat-Savka, S. (2018). Psycholinguistic Dimension of Communicative Intention: Speaker’s Substance and Syntaxing. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 24(2), 321-339.