Psycholinguistic Predictors of Health

Keywords: psycholinguistics, health, narrative, internal picture of life, syntagmatic structure, autoaggression


The article deals with the actual issues of psycholinguistics, which are related to the preservation and restoration of human health. The main research directions research of psychology of health are determined and the theoretical preconditions of psycholinguistic aspects of health are analyzed. Researches in cognitive-behavioral and positive psychotherapy makes it possible to determine that the spoken words directly affect the state of person’s health. The lack of detailed empirical studies motivated us to this study, which was intended to determine the qualitative differences in the speech production of healthy and sick people. The hypothesis of the empirical study was that there are common sense traits of the narrative that unite people with a medical diagnosis. The hypothesis verification was carried out with the help of psycholinguistic techniques, in particular, the autonarrative "My Life" and the method "Psychological Autobiography". The sample was composed from oncologic patients and healthy people, students of univercities. After analysis and interpretation of the results of the study, it was found that differences in speech experience and the implementation of speech activity of healthy and sick people are in the qualitative characteristics of the subjective evaluation of the components of the internal picture of life, manifested through the analysis of the syntagmatic composition of the narrative. Common narratives that combine the speech activity of sick people are: 1) increase the proportion of words with negative emotional coloring on the assessment of their own lives; 2) increase the proportion of "affective" words on the designation of the somatic and personal components of the internal picture of life; 3) the presence of syntagmas describing autoaggression and retroflection. The study shows the correlations between the peculiarities of speech experience and the state of health of respondents. So, in this perspective psycholinguistics of health determine the laws of the influence of personality’s speech on the state of his mental, social and physical health as the main subject of its studies.


Download data is not yet available.


Ananjev, V.A. (1998). Psihologiia zdorov’a [Psychology of Health. Bulletin of psychosocial and correctional-rehabilitation work]. Vestnik psihosocialnoji korekzionno-reabilitazionnoj raboty – Bulletin of psychosocial and correctional and rehabilitation work, 4, 3–18 [in Russian].
Zasiekina, L.V. (2012). Naratyvnyj dosvid Vis-a-Vis zdorovju osobystosti [Narrative experience Vis-a-Vis health of person]. Psihologichni Perspectyvy – Psychological Prospect, 1(19), 101–110 [in Ukrainian].
Kalmykova, L.O., Kalmykov, G.V., Lapchyna, I.M.,  Kharchenko, N.V. (2008). Psihologiia movlennia i psiholingvistyka [Psychology of speech and psycholinguistic]. Kyiv : Pheniks [in Ukrainian].
Korzhova, E.Yu. (1994). Metodika «Psihologicheskia avtobiographia» v psihodiagnostike zhiznennyh situatsii [Methodology «Psychological Autobiography» in Psychodiagnostics of Life Situations]. Kyiv: MAUP [in Russian].
Kotsan, I.Ia., Lozhkin, G.V., & Mushkevych, M.I. (2011). Psyhologiia zdorovia liudyny [Psychology of health of the personality]. Lutsk : Vezha [in Ukrainian].
Pezechkian, N. (2006). Psichosomatika i pozitivnaia psihoterapiia. [Psychosomatics and positive psychotherapy]. Moscow: Institute Positive Psychoterapy [in Russian].
Perrez, M., Baumann, U. (2007). Klinicheskaia psichologiia [Clinical Psychology]. Sant Petersburg : «PITER» [in Russian].
Beck, A.T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York : International Universities Press.
Beck, A.T. (1993). Cognitive therapy: Past, present, and future. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61(2), 194–198.
Bourne, P.A. (2010). Health measurement. Health, 2(5), 465–476 doi:10.4236/health.2010.25070
Carroll, D.W. (1999). Psychology of Language. Pacifi c Grove: Books/Cole, 3rd edn.
Ellis, A. (1974). Rational-emotive theory: Albert Ellis. In A. Burton (Ed.), Operational Theories of Personality (pp. 308–344). New York : Brunner/Mazel.
Kahneman, D., Slovic, P., & Tversky, A. (1982). Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. New York : Cambridge University Press.
Keefe, J.F. (2011). Behavioral Medicine: a voyage to the future. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 41(2), 141–151. doi: 10.1007/s12160-010-9239-8
Laccetti, M. (2007). Expressive writing in women with advanced breast cancer. Onco Nurs Forum, 34(5), 1019–1024. doi: 10.1188/07.ONF.1019-1024
Maksymenko, S.D. (2015). Genesis of Personality existence. Montreal, Accent Graphics Communications.
Maksymenko, S.D. (2007). Psychological nature of the personality. Kyiv: KMM.
Maksymenko, S., & Serdiuk, L. (2016). Psychological potential of personal selfrealization. Social Welfare Interdisciplinary Approach, 6(1), 92–100.
Maksymenko, S.D., Yevtukh, M.B., Tsekhmister, Y.V., Maksymenko, K.S., & Lazurenko, O.O. (2012). Psychology and Pedagogics. Kyiv: Publishing house «Slovo».
Martino, M.L., Onorato, R., & Freda, M.F. (2015). Linguistic markers of processing trauma Experience in Women’s Written Narratives During Different Breast Cancer Phases: Implications for Clinical Interventions. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 11(4), 651–663. doi: 10.5964/ejop.v11i4.991
Matarazzo, J.D., Weiss, S., Herd, A., Miller, N.E., & Weiss, S.M. (Eds.). (1984). Behavioral Health: A Handbook of Health Enhancement and Disease Prevention. New York : John Wiley & Sons. Moore, D.S., & Brody, R.L. (2009). Linguistic Predictors of Mindfulness in Written Self-Disclosure Narratives. Language Social Psychology, 28(3), 281–296. doi: 10.1177/0261927X09335264
Orap, M. (2016). Personality’s Emotional and Volitional Features in the Speech Experience. European Humanities Studies: State and Society, 3, 179–188.
Osgood, Ch.E. (1988). Psycholinguistics, Cross-Cultural Universals and Prospects. Praeger Publishers.
Peeters, G., & Czapinski, J. (1990). Positivenegative asymmetry in evaluations: The distinction between affective and informational negativity effects. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European Review of Social Psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 33–60). Chichester: Wiley.
Rubin, C.D., Boals, A., & Klein, K. (2010). Autobiographical Memories for Very Negative Events: The Effects of Thinking about and Rating Memories. Cognitive Therapy Results, 34(1), 35–48.
Taylor, S.E. (1990). Health Psychology. The Science and the Field. American Psychologist, 45(1), 40–50. doi/10.1037/0003-066X.45.1.40

Abstract views: 172
PDF Downloads: 146
How to Cite
Maksymenko, S., & Orap, M. (2018). Psycholinguistic Predictors of Health. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 24(1), 252-268.