Mutual Understanding Between Partners in Discourse

Keywords: dialogue, speech interaction, speech intentions, comprehension, mutual understanding, intent-analysis

Abstract

The current paper shows the results of the study on the intentional structure of everyday common communication, psychological consulting practice, scientific discussions and both interactive radio and TV programs. The main method of the study is Intent-analysis. It is based on the expert estimation that focuses on defining speech intentions related to the interlocutors’ orientations to their partners, current interaction and effects of their speech. The typical elements of an intentional structure of a dialogue and its modifications in the certain communicative context are represented. An intentional structure of a dialogue includes interlocutors’ intentions orientated to themselves, to their partners and environmental reality. Intentional content and frequency of mentioned elements depend on the type of a dialogue. Defined moderation of intentional variables during the dialogue could be considered as verification of the fact that understanding of intentional subtext of an utterance is an important precondition for conversational interactions. We characterized the variables that effect on the comprehension of intentions and cause communication fails. The significant factors of understanding between partners is the way how they realize speech intentions and what are the conditions of exposure to the verbal content. The orientation either to the partner or to the current situation is depend mostly on the intentional state of speaker’s mind. The results of the study prove the statement that both realization and comprehension of speech intentions are vital for mutual understanding, coordination of interactions and achieving the goals of communication.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Afi nogenova, V.A., & Pavlova, N.D (2015). Intencionalnye patterny v replikah sobesednikov [Intentional patterns in interactions]. Ehksperimentalnaya psihologiya – Experimental Psychology, 8(2), 36–44. doi:10.17759/exppsy.2015080204 [in Russian, abstr. in English].
Atkinson, J.M., & Heritage, J.C. (1984). Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Brushlinskij, A.V. (2003). Psihologiyasubekta [Psychology of Subject]. In V.V. Znakov (Ed.). Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN ; St. Petersburg : Aletejya [in Russian].
Dijk, T.A. van (2005). Contextual Knowledge Management in Discourse Production. A CDA Perspective. In R. Wodak & P.A. Chilton (Eds.), New Agenda in (Critical) Discourse Analysis (pp. 71–100) Amsterdam : Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.13.07dij
Dijk, T.A. van. (2013). Diskurs i vlast [Discourse and Power]. Moscow : Knizhnyj dom «Librokom» [in Russian].
Franke, W. (1990). Elementare Dialogstrukturen. Tubingen. Fritz, G. (1991). Comprehensibility and the basic structures of dialogue. In S. Stati, E. Weigand & F. Hundsnurscher (Eds.), Dialoganalyse (Vol. 111), (pp. 3–24). Tubingen.
Grebenshchikova, T.A., & Pavlova, N.D. (2017). Diskurs i ego psihologicheskoe vozdejstvie: podhody k issledovaniyu [Discourse and its psychological infl uence: approaches to the study]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal – Psychological journal, 38 (3), 18–31. DOI: 10.7868/S0205959217030023 [in Russian, abstr. in English].
Grebenshchikova, T.A., & Zachyosova, I.A (2014). Psihologiya povsednevnogo diskursa: Intencionalnyj aspect [Psychology of everyday discourse: the intentional aspect]. Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Grebenshchikova, T.A., & Zachyosova, I.A. (2012). Diskursivnoe vozdejstvie v semejnom mezhlichnostnom vzaimodejstvii [Discursive effects in the family interpersonal interactions]. In A.L. Zhuravlev & N.D. Pavlova (Eds.), Psihologicheskoe vozdejstvie: mekhanizmy, strategii, vozmozhnosti protivodejstviya – Psychological impact: mechanisms, strategies, potential counteraction (pp. 323–352). Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Grebenshchikova, T.A., & Zachyosova, I.A. (2012). Intencionalnyj aspekt vzaimodejstviya v semejnom dialoge [Intentional aspect of interaction in the family dialogue]. Voprosy psiholingvistiki – Journal of Psycholinguistics, 16, 106–114 [in Russian].
Grigoreva, A.A., & Pavlova, N.D. (2014). Intencionalnye modeli psihologicheskogo vzaimodejstviya v diskurse massmedia [Intentional models of the psychological interactions in the discourse of massmedia]. In A.L. Zhuravlev & N.D. Pavlova (Eds.), Psihologicheskoe vozdejstvie v mezhlichnostnoj i massovoj kommunikacii – Psychological effects in the interpersonal and mass communication (pp. 45–53). Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Karaulov, Yu.N. (2010). Russkij yazyk i yazykovaya lichnost [Russian language and linguistic personality]. Moscow : LKI Publ. [in Russian].
Kubrak, T.A. (2009). Intenciya samoprezentacii subekta v verbalnoj kommunikacii [Self-presentation as an intention of a person in the verbal communication]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Moscow [in Russian].
Lomov, B.F. (2003). Sistemnost vpsihologii [Systematic approach to psychology]. Moscow : Izdatelctvo Moskovskogo psihologo-socialnogo institute ; Voronezh : NPO MODEHK [in Russian].
Moghaddam, F., & Harre, R. (2010). Words of Confl ict, Words of War: How the Language We Use in Political Processes Sparks Fighting. Santa Barbara, California – Denver, Colorado – Oxford, Englan : Praeger.
Pavlova, N.D. (1998). Intent-analiz teleintervyu [Intent-analysis of the TV interview]. In N.V. Ufi mceva (Ed.), Yazykovoe soznanie: formirovanie i funkcionirovanie – Language mind: formation and function (pp. 87–100). Moscow : Institut yazykoznaniya [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D. (2000). Kommunikativnaya funkciya rechi: intencionalnaya i interaktivnaya sostavlyayushchie [Communicative function of speech: an intentional and interactive components]. Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D. (2003). Intent-analiz diskursa [Intent-analysis of discourse]. In I.A. Sternin & V.N. Stepanov (Eds.), Teoreticheskie i prikladnye kommunikativnye issledovaniya [Theoretical and applied communication studies] (pp. 19–25). Voronezh – Yaroslavl : Istoki [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D. (2005). Interaktivnyj aspekt diskursa: podhody k issledovaniyu [Interactive aspect of discourse: approaches to the research]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal – Psychological Journal, 26 (4), 66–76.
Pavlova, N.D. (2013). Mekhanizmy i sredstva psihologicheskogo vozdejstviya [Mechanisms and means of psychological infl uence in discourse]. Psihologicheskie issledovaniya – Psychological study, 6 (32), 3 [in Russian, abstr. in English].
Pavlova, N.D., & Grebenshchikova, T.A. (2017). Intent-analiz: osnovaniya, procedura, opyt ispolzovaniya [Intent-analysis: foundations, procedures and implementation]. Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D., & Peskova, E.A. (2012). Ponimanie intencionalnogo podteksta rechi adresatom [Understanding of the intentional subtext of speech by a listener]. Ehksperimentalnaya psihologiya – Experimental Psychology, 5(2), 74–82 [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D., & Zachesova, I.A (Eds.) (2011). Diskurs v sovremennom mire. Psihologicheskie issledovaniya [Discourse in the contemporary world. Psychological study]. Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D., & Zachyosova, I.A. (Eds.) (2005). Problemy psihologii diskursa [Issues in the psychology of discourse]. Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D., Afi nogenova, V.A., & Grebenshchikova, T.A. (2017). Rechevoe vzaimodejstvie v neformal’nom povsednevnom diskurse: intencionalnyj aspekt [Speech interaction in informal everyday discourse: an intentional aspect]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal – Psychological Journal, 38(5), 41–54 [in Russian, abstr. in English].
Teoriya rechevyh aktov [Speech Act Theory] (1986). Novoe v zarubezhnoj lingvistike – New in foreign linguistics, 17. Moscow : Progress [in Russian].
Ushakova, T.N., Pavlova, N.D., Alekseev, K.I., & Latynov V.V. (2000). Slovo v dejstvii. Intent-analiz politicheskogo diskursa [An action of the word. Intentanalysis of political discourse]. Saint-Petersburg : Aletejya [in Russian].
Wetherell, M., & Potter, J. (2015). Discourse and Social Psychology, postmodernism, and capitalist collusion: An argument for more complex historiographies of psychology. Theory & Psychology, 25(3), 388–395. doi:10.1177/0959354314552009
Zhuravlev, A.L., & Pavlova, N.D. (2007). K mezhdisciplinarnoj problematike diskursa [Towards the interdisciplinary issues of discourse]. In N.D. Pavlova & I.A. Zachyosova (Eds.). Situativnaya i lichnostnaya determinaciya diskursa [Situation and personality factors of discourse] (pp. 6–11). Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].

Abstract views: 119
PDF Downloads: 72
Published
2018-10-03
How to Cite
Pavlova, N., Zachyosova, I., & Grebenshchikova, T. (2018). Mutual Understanding Between Partners in Discourse. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 24(1), 269-288. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2018-24-1-269-288