Mutual Understanding Between Partners in Discourse
The current paper shows the results of the study on the intentional structure of everyday common communication, psychological consulting practice, scientific discussions and both interactive radio and TV programs. The main method of the study is Intent-analysis. It is based on the expert estimation that focuses on defining speech intentions related to the interlocutors’ orientations to their partners, current interaction and effects of their speech. The typical elements of an intentional structure of a dialogue and its modifications in the certain communicative context are represented. An intentional structure of a dialogue includes interlocutors’ intentions orientated to themselves, to their partners and environmental reality. Intentional content and frequency of mentioned elements depend on the type of a dialogue. Defined moderation of intentional variables during the dialogue could be considered as verification of the fact that understanding of intentional subtext of an utterance is an important precondition for conversational interactions. We characterized the variables that effect on the comprehension of intentions and cause communication fails. The significant factors of understanding between partners is the way how they realize speech intentions and what are the conditions of exposure to the verbal content. The orientation either to the partner or to the current situation is depend mostly on the intentional state of speaker’s mind. The results of the study prove the statement that both realization and comprehension of speech intentions are vital for mutual understanding, coordination of interactions and achieving the goals of communication.
Afi nogenova, V.A., & Pavlova, N.D (2015). Intencionalnye patterny v replikah sobesednikov [Intentional patterns in interactions]. Ehksperimentalnaya psihologiya – Experimental Psychology, 8(2), 36–44. doi:10.17759/exppsy.2015080204 [in Russian, abstr. in English].
Atkinson, J.M., & Heritage, J.C. (1984). Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Brushlinskij, A.V. (2003). Psihologiyasubekta [Psychology of Subject]. In V.V. Znakov (Ed.). Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN ; St. Petersburg : Aletejya [in Russian].
Dijk, T.A. van (2005). Contextual Knowledge Management in Discourse Production. A CDA Perspective. In R. Wodak & P.A. Chilton (Eds.), New Agenda in (Critical) Discourse Analysis (pp. 71–100) Amsterdam : Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/dapsac.13.07dij
Dijk, T.A. van. (2013). Diskurs i vlast [Discourse and Power]. Moscow : Knizhnyj dom «Librokom» [in Russian].
Franke, W. (1990). Elementare Dialogstrukturen. Tubingen. Fritz, G. (1991). Comprehensibility and the basic structures of dialogue. In S. Stati, E. Weigand & F. Hundsnurscher (Eds.), Dialoganalyse (Vol. 111), (pp. 3–24). Tubingen.
Grebenshchikova, T.A., & Pavlova, N.D. (2017). Diskurs i ego psihologicheskoe vozdejstvie: podhody k issledovaniyu [Discourse and its psychological infl uence: approaches to the study]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal – Psychological journal, 38 (3), 18–31. DOI: 10.7868/S0205959217030023 [in Russian, abstr. in English].
Grebenshchikova, T.A., & Zachyosova, I.A (2014). Psihologiya povsednevnogo diskursa: Intencionalnyj aspect [Psychology of everyday discourse: the intentional aspect]. Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Grebenshchikova, T.A., & Zachyosova, I.A. (2012). Diskursivnoe vozdejstvie v semejnom mezhlichnostnom vzaimodejstvii [Discursive effects in the family interpersonal interactions]. In A.L. Zhuravlev & N.D. Pavlova (Eds.), Psihologicheskoe vozdejstvie: mekhanizmy, strategii, vozmozhnosti protivodejstviya – Psychological impact: mechanisms, strategies, potential counteraction (pp. 323–352). Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Grebenshchikova, T.A., & Zachyosova, I.A. (2012). Intencionalnyj aspekt vzaimodejstviya v semejnom dialoge [Intentional aspect of interaction in the family dialogue]. Voprosy psiholingvistiki – Journal of Psycholinguistics, 16, 106–114 [in Russian].
Grigoreva, A.A., & Pavlova, N.D. (2014). Intencionalnye modeli psihologicheskogo vzaimodejstviya v diskurse massmedia [Intentional models of the psychological interactions in the discourse of massmedia]. In A.L. Zhuravlev & N.D. Pavlova (Eds.), Psihologicheskoe vozdejstvie v mezhlichnostnoj i massovoj kommunikacii – Psychological effects in the interpersonal and mass communication (pp. 45–53). Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Karaulov, Yu.N. (2010). Russkij yazyk i yazykovaya lichnost [Russian language and linguistic personality]. Moscow : LKI Publ. [in Russian].
Kubrak, T.A. (2009). Intenciya samoprezentacii subekta v verbalnoj kommunikacii [Self-presentation as an intention of a person in the verbal communication]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Moscow [in Russian].
Lomov, B.F. (2003). Sistemnost vpsihologii [Systematic approach to psychology]. Moscow : Izdatelctvo Moskovskogo psihologo-socialnogo institute ; Voronezh : NPO MODEHK [in Russian].
Moghaddam, F., & Harre, R. (2010). Words of Confl ict, Words of War: How the Language We Use in Political Processes Sparks Fighting. Santa Barbara, California – Denver, Colorado – Oxford, Englan : Praeger.
Pavlova, N.D. (1998). Intent-analiz teleintervyu [Intent-analysis of the TV interview]. In N.V. Ufi mceva (Ed.), Yazykovoe soznanie: formirovanie i funkcionirovanie – Language mind: formation and function (pp. 87–100). Moscow : Institut yazykoznaniya [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D. (2000). Kommunikativnaya funkciya rechi: intencionalnaya i interaktivnaya sostavlyayushchie [Communicative function of speech: an intentional and interactive components]. Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D. (2003). Intent-analiz diskursa [Intent-analysis of discourse]. In I.A. Sternin & V.N. Stepanov (Eds.), Teoreticheskie i prikladnye kommunikativnye issledovaniya [Theoretical and applied communication studies] (pp. 19–25). Voronezh – Yaroslavl : Istoki [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D. (2005). Interaktivnyj aspekt diskursa: podhody k issledovaniyu [Interactive aspect of discourse: approaches to the research]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal – Psychological Journal, 26 (4), 66–76.
Pavlova, N.D. (2013). Mekhanizmy i sredstva psihologicheskogo vozdejstviya [Mechanisms and means of psychological infl uence in discourse]. Psihologicheskie issledovaniya – Psychological study, 6 (32), 3 [in Russian, abstr. in English].
Pavlova, N.D., & Grebenshchikova, T.A. (2017). Intent-analiz: osnovaniya, procedura, opyt ispolzovaniya [Intent-analysis: foundations, procedures and implementation]. Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D., & Peskova, E.A. (2012). Ponimanie intencionalnogo podteksta rechi adresatom [Understanding of the intentional subtext of speech by a listener]. Ehksperimentalnaya psihologiya – Experimental Psychology, 5(2), 74–82 [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D., & Zachesova, I.A (Eds.) (2011). Diskurs v sovremennom mire. Psihologicheskie issledovaniya [Discourse in the contemporary world. Psychological study]. Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D., & Zachyosova, I.A. (Eds.) (2005). Problemy psihologii diskursa [Issues in the psychology of discourse]. Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Pavlova, N.D., Afi nogenova, V.A., & Grebenshchikova, T.A. (2017). Rechevoe vzaimodejstvie v neformal’nom povsednevnom diskurse: intencionalnyj aspekt [Speech interaction in informal everyday discourse: an intentional aspect]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal – Psychological Journal, 38(5), 41–54 [in Russian, abstr. in English].
Teoriya rechevyh aktov [Speech Act Theory] (1986). Novoe v zarubezhnoj lingvistike – New in foreign linguistics, 17. Moscow : Progress [in Russian].
Ushakova, T.N., Pavlova, N.D., Alekseev, K.I., & Latynov V.V. (2000). Slovo v dejstvii. Intent-analiz politicheskogo diskursa [An action of the word. Intentanalysis of political discourse]. Saint-Petersburg : Aletejya [in Russian].
Wetherell, M., & Potter, J. (2015). Discourse and Social Psychology, postmodernism, and capitalist collusion: An argument for more complex historiographies of psychology. Theory & Psychology, 25(3), 388–395. doi:10.1177/0959354314552009
Zhuravlev, A.L., & Pavlova, N.D. (2007). K mezhdisciplinarnoj problematike diskursa [Towards the interdisciplinary issues of discourse]. In N.D. Pavlova & I.A. Zachyosova (Eds.). Situativnaya i lichnostnaya determinaciya diskursa [Situation and personality factors of discourse] (pp. 6–11). Moscow : Institut psihologii RAN Publ. [in Russian].
Abstract views: 399 PDF Downloads: 45
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Licensing terms ensure preservation of copyright, and the right of the journal to publish original scientific papers containing results of theoretical and experimental research works which are not currently subject to review for publication in other scientific edition, bulletin or jounals. All materials are spread on conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution International CC-BY, which allows other persons and institutions to recognize authorship of this work and its initial source as the journal. The Author shall transfer to the editorial board of the journal the right to spread the electronic version of the paper by all kinds of electronic means (placement at the official website of the journal, electronic databases, repositories, etc.).
- The intellectual property and copyright on the original content of all scientific contributions shall remain with the authors grant, in exchange for publication in the Journal, exclusive licensing of first publication, giving the Journal the right to produce and disseminate the contributions, whether collectively with other articles or individually, and in all media forms known or to come.
- The authors shall guarantee the originality of their material and shall not publish any text that would appear to contravene, in any way, the definition of originality as given in the intellectual property.
- Plagiarism and false or intentionally misleading declarations constitute behavior that is at odds with the ethics of scientific publication; as such, they are deemed unacceptable.
- No significant part of the article shall have been previously published either as an article or as a chapter, or be under consideration for publication elsewhere.
- If the authors intend to reproduce their article in other publications or for any other purpose and by any means, they must obtain the written authorization of the editorial board.
- Reproduction of extracts of publications is possible provided that the authors cite their source and have obtained explicit permission from the rights holders, which permission shall not be unduly withheld. Reference must be given to the title of the article, the journal, the author(s), date and place of publication. The journal reserves the right to apply reproduction rights.
Provided the paper is accepted for publication in the present journal, the Author shall sign the License Agreement and Provisions on a Conflict of interest. The originals copy of the License Agreement and Provisions on a Conflict of Interests (a scanned's copyes) is sent to the e-mail address of the Editorial Board of this journal - firstname.lastname@example.org
The Author shall reserve the right to use materials of the paper, without approval of the editorial board and the founders of this journal:
- fully or partially, for educational purposes;
- for writing their own dissertation papers;
- for preparation of theses, conference reports or presentations.
Place electronic copies of the paper (including the final electronic version downloaded from the official website) at:
- personal web resources of all Authors (websites, webpages, blogs, etc.);
- web resources of the institutions where the Authors are employed (including electronic institutional repositories);
- non-profit public access web resources (for example, arXiv.org).
In all cases, it is obligatory to have a bibliographic reference to the paper, or a hyperlink to its electronic copy placed at the official website of this journal.
We will endeavor to protect the rights of authors and will investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. We also seek to protect the reputation of the journal. Submitted articles may therefore be checked with duplication-checking software. If an article is found to have plagiarized published work we reserve the right to take action including publishing a correction; retracting the article; or pursuing other procedural or legal remedies.