Mutual Understanding Between Partners in Discourse
The current paper shows the results of the study on the intentional structure of everyday common communication, psychological consulting practice, scientific discussions and both interactive radio and TV programs. The main method of the study is Intent-analysis. It is based on the expert estimation that focuses on defining speech intentions related to the interlocutors’ orientations to their partners, current interaction and effects of their speech. The typical elements of an intentional structure of a dialogue and its modifications in the certain communicative context are represented. An intentional structure of a dialogue includes interlocutors’ intentions orientated to themselves, to their partners and environmental reality. Intentional content and frequency of mentioned elements depend on the type of a dialogue. Defined moderation of intentional variables during the dialogue could be considered as verification of the fact that understanding of intentional subtext of an utterance is an important precondition for conversational interactions. We characterized the variables that effect on the comprehension of intentions and cause communication fails. The significant factors of understanding between partners is the way how they realize speech intentions and what are the conditions of exposure to the verbal content. The orientation either to the partner or to the current situation is depend mostly on the intentional state of speaker’s mind. The results of the study prove the statement that both realization and comprehension of speech intentions are vital for mutual understanding, coordination of interactions and achieving the goals of communication.
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