Tendency and Dynamics of Communicative-Speech Development of a Preschool Age Child
The article presents the characteristic of communicative-speech development of a child in the unity of behavioural, cognitive, and creative qualities of speech. An integrated approach to assessing the state of personality activity and the child’s self-realization through the genesis of speech has been implemented. Criterion estimations, diagnostic examination of the level of speech development of the child from the position of the communicative direction, the authors’ method of examination in the unity of emotional-volitional, cognitive, and creative qualities of speech are presented in this work. The basic foundations of the communicative-speech development of the child in the interrelation of the components of the characteristics of the conative, cognitive-linguistic, personal levels are analyzed, the age peculiarities in the development of competence of the child in the sphere of speech communication are generalized. Conative achievements of the junior preschool child provide the formation of such personality traits as a communicative orientation to the surrounding world, openness to the experience of adults and peers, which lead to an increase in the cognitive complexity of speech behaviour of children of middle preschool age. The cognitive-linguistic level of the child’s achievements is associated with the assimilation of the relations between «man-situation» and the relations «linguistic form-significance». The language becomes the object of manipulation and awareness. The formation of various forms of speech expressions, adequate to the situation and partner environment, provides the child with the realization of the needs of communication, the further development and complexity of cognitive forms of interaction, the development of ways and processes of thinking and creativity in speech communication.
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