Tendency and Dynamics of Communicative-Speech Development of a Preschool Age Child

Keywords: communicative-speech development, conative, cognitive, linguistic and personal qualities of speech, language competence

Abstract

The article presents the characteristic of communicative-speech development of a child in the unity of behavioural, cognitive, and creative qualities of speech. An integrated approach to assessing the state of personality activity and the child’s self-realization through the genesis of speech has been implemented. Criterion estimations, diagnostic examination of the level of speech development of the child from the position of the communicative direction, the authors’ method of examination in the unity of emotional-volitional, cognitive, and creative qualities of speech are presented in this work. The basic foundations of the communicative-speech development of the child in the interrelation of the components of the characteristics of the conative, cognitive-linguistic, personal levels are analyzed, the age peculiarities in the development of competence of the child in the sphere of speech communication are generalized. Conative achievements of the junior preschool child provide the formation of such personality traits as a communicative orientation to the surrounding world, openness to the experience of adults and peers, which lead to an increase in the cognitive complexity of speech behaviour of children of middle preschool age. The cognitive-linguistic level of the child’s achievements is associated with the assimilation of the relations between «man-situation» and the relations «linguistic form-significance». The language becomes the object of manipulation and awareness. The formation of various forms of speech expressions, adequate to the situation and partner environment, provides the child with the realization of the needs of communication, the further development and complexity of cognitive forms of interaction, the development of ways and processes of thinking and creativity in speech communication.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Chomsky, N. (2002). On Nature and Language (pp. 45–60). Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511613876
Danby, Susan J. (2002). The communicative competence of young children. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 27(3), 25–30. http://www.earlychildhoodaustralia.org.a...
Fromm, E. (1992). Chelovek dlya sebya. Issledovanie psixologicheskix problem etiki [A man for himself. Research of psychological problems of ethics]. Minsk : «Kollegium» [in Russian].
Hermer-Vazquez, L., Moffet, A., & Munkholm, P. (2001). Language, space, and the development of cognitive fl exibility in humans: The case of two spatial memory tasks. Cognition, 79, 263–299. PMID: 11165214
Hurford, J.R. (2007). The Origins of Meaning. Language in the light of evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kalmykova, L., & Novikova, G. (2018). Psyxolingvistychni fenomeny «znannya movy» i «znannya pro movu»: problemy spivvidnoshennya j funkcionuvannya v movlenni ditej [Psychologistic Phenomena «Knowledge of the Language» and «Knowledge About Language»: Problems of Relationship and Functioning In Children’s Speech]. Psyxolingvistyka – Psycholinguistics, 23(1), 99–118. DOI:10.5281/zenodo.1211606
Kharchenko, N. (2017). Movna osobystist doshkilnyka: osoblyvosti rozvytku v procesi audiyuvannya [Language personality of a preschool child: features of development in the process of listening]. Psyxolingvistyka – Psycholinguistics, 21(1), 171–185. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1088464
Language Evolution and Human Development. Brian MacWhinney Carnegie Mellon University (2005). In D. Bjorklund & A. Pellegrini (Eds.) Origins of the Social Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and Child Development (pp. 383–410). New York : Guilford Press. Retrieved from: http://www.inf.ed.ac.uk/teaching/courses/cnl/MacWhinney_05.pdf
Maksimenko, S.D. (2000). Geneticheskaya psixologiya. Metodologicheskaya refl eksiya problem razvitiya v psixologii [Genetic psychology. Methodogical refl ection of problems of development in psychology]. Moscow : Refl buk [in Russian].
Piaget, J. (1959). The language and thought of the child (Marjorie and Ruth Cabain, Trans.). New York : Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Pіrozhenko, T.O. (1999). Movlenneve zrostannya doshkilnika [Speech development of a preschool child]. Kyiv : Grajlik [in Ukrainian].
Pіrozhenko, T.O. (2002). Movlenneva geneza v osobistіsnomu vimіrі [Speech genesis in personal dimention]. Problemi zagalnoyi ta pedagogіchnoyi psihologіi – The problems of general and pedagogic psychology (Vol. IV, Ch. 7), (pp. 192–199) [in Ukrainian].
Pіrozhenko, T.O. (2003). Psixіchnij rozvitok ditini doshkіlnogo vіku: dosvіd roboti suchasnogo doshkіlnogo zakladu [Psychological development of a preschool age child: experience of work of a modern preschool establishment]. Zaporіzhzhya : Lіps ltd. [in Ukrainian].
Pirozhenko, T.A., & Tishhenko, S.P. (1992). Nekotorye osobennosti geneza obraza «ya» doshkolnikov pri vozdejstvi na nix neblagopriyatnoj socio-ekologicheskoj obstanovki [Specifi cs of genesis of the image «I» of preschoolers by the nfl uence of negative socio-ecological atmosphere]. Kyiv [in Russian].
Pіrozhenko, T.O. (2010). Komunіkativno-movlennevij rozvitok doshkіlnika [Communicative-speech development of a preschooler]. Ternopіl : Mandrіvec [in Ukrainian].
Soroka, I.A. (2017). Fostering 21st century learning skills at English classes (pp. 201–204). Kyiv : KPI named after Igor Sіkorskyi, «Polіtexnіka».
Tomasello, M. (2000). Do young children have adult syntactic competence? Cognition, 74(3), 209–253.
Tomasello, M. (2008). Origins of Human Communication. Cambridge, Massachusetts : MIT Press.
Vygotsky, L. (1986). Thought and language (Kozulin, Alex, Trans.). Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press.

Abstract views: 371
PDF Downloads: 227
Published
2018-10-03
How to Cite
Pirozhenko, T., & Soroka, I. (2018). Tendency and Dynamics of Communicative-Speech Development of a Preschool Age Child. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 24(1), 289-303. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2018-24-1-289-303