Semantic Differential For Evaluation of Educational Pathway of Personality
The article deals with the issue of personal educational pathway, in particular experimental verification of theoretical ideas of the phenomenon, and the development of the “educational pathway” semantic differential as an adequate tool for its evaluation.
In the course of the experiment, which involved 424 persons, including school and university students and teachers, the “educational pathway” concept descriptors sets were distinguished and processed; the primary matrix of results was composed. It was processed according to two algorithms distinguishing semantic universals, and their advantages were identified. The designed application form of “educational pathway” semantic differential contains 76 scales. Its reliability and partially validity were checked experimentally. The peculiarities of applying this technique and interpreting the results are presented and described in the paper as well.
Based on a factor analysis, there have been distinguished 7 generalized evaluation structures, which are implicitly presented in the educational process parties’ minds. The following components make up a system of meanings and attitudes to the educational pathway: implementation conditions, formation mechanisms, management forms, mapping (as a form of the technique and research results representation), individual character, innovative nature of the educational pathway of a personality.
The presented semantic differential helps to examine and accumulate empirical data concerning subjective semantics and experience of personality’s lifelong educational pathway realization, contributes to the implementation of Ukrainian educational system reformation ideas based on a student-centered approach. Besides, it enriches the Ukrainian psychodiadnostic techniques database. Further research studies in this area will be dedicated to the peculiarities of the educational pathway in various occupational groups.
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