In Pursuit of the Functional Definition of a Mind: the Pivotal Role of a Discourse

Keywords: mind, discourse, discursive practice, discursive formation, system, structural ontology, meaning, dispersion of meanings, hierarchy of significances, sense

Abstract

This article is devoted to describing results of conceptualization of the idea of mind at the stage of maturity. Delineated the acquisition by the energy system (mind) of stable morphological characteristics, which associated with such a pivotal formation as the  discourse. A qualitative structural and ontological sign of the system transition to this stage is the transformation of the verbal morphology of the mind into a discursive one. The analysis of the poststructuralist understanding of discourse in the context of the dispersion of meanings (Foucault) made it possible to formulate a notion of it as a meaning that is constituted by the relation between the discursive practice and the worldview, regarded   as  a  meta-discourse  or  a  global  discursive  formation. In consequence of this relationship, a discrete and simultaneous scattering of meanings arises, the procedural side of which is a concrete discourse, and its productive aspect is linked with the creation of a local discursive formation. Based on this view it is proposed a logical formula of discourse, which takes into account the entropy of the language and the entropy of the worldview, as a particular manifestation of the mind entropy. Using this formula and considering the reactive nature of discourse, it was developed a classification, which included such types of discourses as reactive, suggestive, synthetic and creative. In turn, the proposed types of discourses are correlated with the specific characteristics of certain activities, as a psychological category. Also, it was considered the translation of the structure of discourse dissipation from the cognitive plan into the affective sphere because of which it is formed a hierarchy of significances, which performs the sense-forming function. It was analyzed the inverse influence of the hierarchy of significances on the structure of meanings dispersion and for respective account it was introduced a conditional coefficient of the value deviation of the significance of the meanings. This parameter reflects the sense correction of the meaning that occurs in the process of the emergence of discourse from discursive practice. Thus, the discourse is presented as a complex dynamic formation of the mind arising at the maturity stage of the system as a result of the combined effect of entropic dispersion of meanings and the  value  deviation of  their  significances.

Key words: mind, discourse, discursive practice, discursive formation, system, structural ontology, meaning, dispersion of meanings, hierarchy of significances, sense.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Carhart-Harris, R.L., Leech, R., Hellyer, P.J., Shanahan, M., Feilding, A., Tagliazucchi, E., Chialvo, D.R., & Nutt, D. (2014). The entropic brain: a theory of conscious states informed by neuroimaging research with psychedelic drugs. Front. Hum. Neurosci, 8 (20). doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00020
Chen, J. (2016). The Entropy Theory of Mind. In: The Unity of Science and Economics. Springer, New York, NY.
Cover, T., & King, R. (1978). A convergent gambling estimate of the entropy of English. Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on., 24 (4), 413–421.
Foucault, M. (1972). Archaeology of knowledge and the discourse on language. New York : Pantheon.
Guevara Erra, R., Mateos, D.M., Wennberg, R., Perez, & Velazquez, J.L. (2016). Statistical mechanics of consciousness: maximization of information content of network is associated with conscious awareness. Phys. Rev. E., 94 (052), 402. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.94.052402
Jung, C.G. (1923). Psychological types; or, The psychology of individuation. London : Paul, Trench, Trubner.
Jung, C.G. (1969a). Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious [sic], Collected Works of C.G. Jung (Vol. 9, Part 1), Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press.
Jung, C.G. (1969b). Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self, Collected Works of C.G. Jung (Vol. 9, Part 2), Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press.
Jung, C.G. (1971). Psychological Types, Collected Works of C.G. Jung (Vol. 6), Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press.
Lacan, J. (1966). The Insistence of the Letter in the Unconscious. Yale French Studies, 36/37, 112–147.
Leontev, A.N. (1978). Activity, Consciousness, and Personality. Prentice-Hall, https://www.marxists.org/archive/Leontev/works/1978/index.htm
Mateos, D.M., Guevara Erra, R., Wennberg, R., & Perez Velazquez, J.L. (2018). Measures of entropy and complexity in altered states of consciousness. Cogn Neurodyn., 12 (1), 73–84. doi: 10.1007/s11571-017-9459-8
Pepperell, R. (2018). Consciousness and integrated energy differences in the brain. arXiv:1804.10508 Saussure, F. (1959). Course in general linguistics. New York, Philosophical Library.
Scrimali, T. (2008). Entropy of mind and negative entropy. A cognitive and complex approach to schizophrenia and its therapy. London : Karnac Books.
Shchedrovitsky, G.P. (1995). Selected Works. Moscow, Russia: School of Cultural Politics.
Shannon, C.E., & Weaver, W. (1949). The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Univ of Illinois Press.
Shannon, C.E. (1951). Prediction and entropy of printed English. Bell Systems Technical Journal, 30, 50–64.
Shymko, V.A. (2016). Systemic localisation of the object in psychological research: structural and ontological visualization. Bulletin of Kiev Taras Shevchenko University, 1(34), 47–51. http://miljournals.knu.ua/index.php/visnuk/article/viewFile/19/15 [in Ukrainian].
Shymko, V. (2018a). In Pursuit of the Functional Defi nition of a Mind: The Inevitability of the Language Ontology. Psycholinguistics, 23(1), 327–346. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1211593
Shymko, V.A. (2018b). Object fi eld of organizational culture: methodological conceptualization. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 26, 4.
Tao, Y. (2018). Boltzmann machine with self-referential entropy. Doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.33014.91203
Vasilyuk, F. (1991). The Psychology of Experiencing. Publisher : Harvester Wheat sheaf.
Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind in society. The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, Mass.
Witkin, H.A. (1974). Psychological differentiation. Studies of development. N.Y.

Abstract views: 432
PDF Downloads: 121 PDF Downloads: 33
Published
2018-10-03
How to Cite
Shymko, V. (2018). In Pursuit of the Functional Definition of a Mind: the Pivotal Role of a Discourse. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 24(1), 403-424. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2018-24-1-403-424