Actualization of lexis with negative evaluation for determination of social and political processes

  • Yuliia Kaluzhynska SHEE «Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyi State Pedagogical University named after Hryhoriy Skovoroda»
Keywords: negative evaluation, evaluation, peyorativs vocabulary of negative evaluation


In the article, on the base of an analysis of newspaper periodicals, lexis of negative evaluation to provide characteristics of social and political processes, personalities and states that have place today is determined. The concept of pejorative vocabulary and its functioning in newspaper publications are determined. It is established that the most active expression of the vocabulary of negative evaluation is acquired in socio-political texts.

It was found that evaluation – intentional and most important category of journalistic discourse through which the sender persuades the recipient in certain specified purposes, and that it is closely related to peyorative vocabulary, since the latter is intended to provide some assessment of whether those same events, facts or persons.

It was found that to create some emotional color and provide the text of the evaluation, including negative, journalists actively use aphorisms and spoken language of negative evaluation.

It is established that the use of the vocabulary of negative evaluation not only provides expressive and emotional atmosphere, but sometimes violates the literary norm.


Download data is not yet available.


Arutyunova, N. D. (2003). Predlozhenie i ego smyisl : Logiko-semanticheskie problemyi [Sentence and its sense: logical and semantical problems]. Moskva : Editorial URSS [in Russian].

Batsevych, F. S., & Kosmeda, T. A. (1997). Ocherki po funktsionalnoy leksikologi [Notes in functional lexicology]. Lwiw : Svit [in Ukrainian].

Bybyk, S. P. (2013). Usna literaturna mova v ukrayinskij literaturi povsyakdennya [Spoken literature language in Ukrainian everyday literature]. Nizhyn : Vydavnycztvo «Aspekt-Poligraf» [in Ukrainian].

Gujvanyuk, N. V., & Agafonova, A. M. (2001). Antropocentrychnyj pidxid do vyvchennya movnyx yavyshh (na materiali avtoryzovanyx konstrukcij suchasnoyi ukrayinskoyi movy) [Anthropocentric approach in studying of language phenomenon (on the material of authorized construction of modern Ukrainian language)]. Chernivci : Ruta [in Ukrainian].

Kovalenko, B. O. (2002). Stylistychno zanyzhena leksyka v movi suchasnoyi ukrayinskoyi publicystyky [Stylistic-lowered lexis in the language of modern Ukrainian publicist]. Candidate’s thesis. Kamyanecz`-Podilskyj [in Ukrainian].

Markelova, T. V. (1995). Semantika i pragmatika sredstv vyirazheniya otsenki v russkom yazyike [Semantic and pragmatic of means of evaluation expression in Russian language]. Filologicheskie nauki – Philological sciences, 3, 67–79 [in Russian].

Navalna, М. І. (2011). Dynamika leksykonu ukrayinskoyi periodyky pochatku XXI st. [Dynamic of lexicon of Ukrainian periodicals in the beginning of XXI century]. Kyiv : Instytut ukrayinskoyi movy; Vydavnychyj dim Dmytra Burago [in Ukrainian].

Solovij, U. V. (2003). Ocinno-obrazna nominaciya u strukturi xudozhnogo tekstu (na materiali ukrayinskoyi «maloyi prozy» kincya XIX – pochatku XX stolittya) [Evaluative-figurative nomination in the structure of artistic text]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Ivano-Frankivsk [in Ukrainian].

Styshov, O. А. (2003). Ukrayinska leksyka kincya XX stolittya (na materiali movy zasobiv masovoyi informaciyi) [Ukrainian lexicon of the end of XX century (on the material of the language of mas media)]. Kyiv : Vyd. centr KNLU [in Ukrainian].

Author Biography

Yuliia Kaluzhynska, SHEE «Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyi State Pedagogical University named after Hryhoriy Skovoroda»

teacher of Document Science Department,
SHEE “Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyi State Pedagogical University named after Hryhoriy Skovoroda”,
30 Sukhomlynskyi Str., Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyi, Kyiv Reg., Ukraine, 08401

Abstract views: 31
PDF Downloads: 23
How to Cite
Kaluzhynska, Y. (2017). Actualization of lexis with negative evaluation for determination of social and political processes. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, (22(2), 73-84.