Psycho-linguistic explication of verbal aggression
The purpose of our study was to find markers of psycholinguistic explication of verbal aggression in reactions of users of social networks “Facebook”, “Vkontakte”, “Twitter” to journalistic publications about the results of e-declaration of the Ukrainian officials conserning their incomes during the period from August 23 to November 7, 2016.
The research method consisted in following such procedures: making observations on correlation between the markers of psycholinguistic explication of verbal aggression (onward – VA) of readers and the facts on electronic declaring (onward – ED), stated in journalistic materials; the establishment of the facts of presence / absence of correlation between the VA level of readers and the facts on ED, stated in journalistic materials; identification by months of 2016 (August, September, October, November) of Internet messages and commentaries on the e-declarations of officials and establishment of the dynamics of changes in indicators of verbal “aggression” (irritation, rhetorical questions with elements of sarcasm, sarcasm, contempt).
The results of the analysis of 52 texts which included messages and comments that were recorded by us made it possible to identify the signs of the aggressive texts of the Internet readers’ comments and messages in response to the journalists' publications on e-declaration conserning the incomes of officials in Ukraine (from August 23 to November 7, 2016).
Conclusions. The group of Internet readers studied by us recorded a fairly high level of correlation between their verbal aggression and the data of the electronic declaration concerning the incomes of Ukrainian officials (from August 23 to November 7, 2016), which reflected the level of social tension in Ukraine. It was also noted that after the high level of verbal aggression reached its peak in the comments of Internet readers, another marker of verbal aggression “came” to replace it, sarcasm that was replaced after the e-declaration process by contempt from the side of the Internet readers.
Zakon Ukrainy «O vnesenii izmeneniy v nekotoryye zakonodatelnyye akty Ukrainy otnositelno osobennostey predstavleniya dolzhnostnymi litsami deklaratsiy ob imushchestve, dokhodakh, raskhodakh i obyazatelstvakh finansovogo kharaktera v 2016 godu» [The Law of Ukraine “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine Regarding the Specifics of Submission by Declarants of Property, Income, Expenses and Financial Responsibilities in 2016”]. zib.com.ua. Retrieved from http://zib.com.ua/ru/122306-opublikovan_zakon_ob_elektronnom_deklarirovanii_dohodov_chin.html. Nazvaniye s ekrana (data obrashcheniya: 5.09.2017) [in Ukrainian].
«Skromno zhyty soromno!», – u sotsmerezhakh zrobyly vysnovok z e-deklaratsiy deputativ [“Its ashamed to live modestly!” – in social networks concluded from the e-declarations of deputies]. zik.ua.news. Retrieved from http://zik.ua.news/2016/10/28/skromno_zhyty_soromno__u_sotsmerezhah_zrobyly_vysnovok_z_edeklaratsiy_981827. Nazvanye s ékrana (data obrashchenyya: 10.09.2017) [in Ukrainian].
Kholod, A. M. (1997). Muzhskiye i zhenskiye rechevyye kartiny mira [Male and female verbal pictures of the world]. Dnepropetrovsk : Porogi, 62–63 [in Ukrainian].
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