Gender- and Role-Specific Differences in the Perception of the Concept “Impishness” (based on the results of a psycholinguistic experiment)
The present paper continues a series of articles devoted to ludic competence and the description of its components with the help of psycholinguistic tools and methods. The present article explores another component of ludic competence, i.e. impishness, and the corresponding cultural concept “impishness”.
An attempt has been made to single out gender- and role-specific differences in the perception of the verbalized concept “impishness” in the linguistic world-image of the Russian-speaking population of Eastern Ukraine. Psycholinguistic experiment was the main method of research. The sample comprised 400 older adults (aged 30 – 60), male and female respondents being equally represented.
Having analyzed the data from the free association experiment with the stimulus “impishness”, it was revealed that everyday consciousness of common representatives of the Ukrainian linguistic culture reflects all the conceptual meanings that are related to impishness in the intercultural domain.
The core of the verbalized concept impishness is represented by four semantic clusters (more than 10%): “horseplay”, “play”, “children”, “flirting”.
The semantic scope of the concept depends on the gender of the respondents. Thus, for female respondents, the main constituent elements of the concept impishness are children (subject of pranks), as well as foolery and frolicking as manifestations of playful behavior that finds expression in frolic pranks, practical jokes, funny tricks, etc. Male respondents, on the other hand, tend to associate impishness primarily with woman, as well as with immorality, flippant behavior, and various forms of daring, provocative, and imprudent behavior.
Therefore, the ambivalent character of the concept “impishness” reveals itself in certain gender- and role-specific differences in its perception. It reveals itself most vividly in behavioral associates and associates that describe various forms of pranks.
On the whole, the stimulus “impishness” is generally evaluated as something both positive and negative by all the respondents.11.25% of the respondents display negative attitude to the stimulus “impishness”.
Barnett, L. A. (2007). The nature of playfulness in young adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 949–958. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2007.02.018
Fomintseva, A. (2001). Issledovaniie nekotorykh psikhologicheskikh fenomenov detskoi subkultury v period rannei vzroslosti [Study of some psychological phenomena of the children’s subculture in the period of early adulthood]. Moskovskii psikhologicheskii zhurnal – Moscow Psychological Journal, 4, 6–17 [in Russian].
Glynn, M. A., & Webster, J. (1992). The adult playfulness scale: An initial assessment. Psychological Reports, 71(1), 83–103. https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.19184.108.40.206
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. V. (2015). Znacheniia igrivosti v aktualnom yazykovom soznanii nositelei russkogo yazyka [The meanings of playfulness in the actual linguistic consciousness of Russian speakers]. Vestnik KhNPU im. G.S. Skovorody. Psikhologiya – Visnyk of the H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University. Psychology, 51, 44–53 [in Russian].
Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I., & Kobzieva, Iu. (2017). Humor as a component of ludic competence. Visnyk of the H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University. Psychology, 57, 40–56.
Gordiienko-Mytrofanova, I. Kobzieva, Iu. (2018). Concept “Holy Fool” in the Linguistic World-Image of the Russian-Speaking Population of Ukraine. Psycholinguistics, 24(1), 118–133. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2018-24-1-118-133
Gordiienko-Mytrofanova, I., Pidchasov, Ye., Sauta, S., & Kobzieva, Iu. (2018). The problem of sample representativeness for conducting experimental and broad psychological research. Psycholinguistics, 23(1), 11–46. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1212360
Guitard, P., Ferland, F., & Dutil, É. (2005). Toward a better understanding of playfulness in adults. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health, 25(1), 9–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/153944920502500103
Karaulov, Yu. N., Cherkasova, G. A., Ufimtseva, N. V., Sorokin, Yu. A., & Tarasov, Ye. F. (2002a). Russkii Assotsiativnyi Slovar [Russian Associative Vocabulary]. (Vols. 1). Мoscow: LLC Astrel Publishers; LLC AST Publishers [in Russian].
Karaulov, Yu. N., Cherkasova, G. A., Ufimtseva, N. V., Sorokin, Yu. A., & Tarasov, Ye. F. (2002b). Russkii Assotsiativnyi Slovar [Russian Associative Vocabulary]. (Vols. 2). Мoscow: LLC Astrel Publishers; LLC AST Publishers [in Russian].
Proyer, R. T. (2012). Development and initial assessment of a short measure for adult playfulness: The SMAP. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(8), 989–994. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.07.018
Proyer, R. T. (2017). A new structural model for the study of adult playfulness: Assessment and exploration of an understudied individual differences variable. Personality and Individual Differences, 108, 113–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.12.011
Schaefer, C., & Greenberg, R. (1997). Measurement of Playfulness: A Neglected Therapist Variable. International Journal of Play Therapy, 6(2), 21–31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0089406
Shen, X. S., Chick, G., & Zinn, H. (2014). Playfulness in Adulthood as a Personality Trait: A Reconceptualization and a New Measurement. Journal of Leisure Research, 46(1), 58–83. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222216.2014.11950313
Tsuji, Hit., Tsuji, Hei., Yamada, S., Natsuno, Y., Morita, Y., Mukoyama, Y. et al. (1996). Standardization of the Five Factor Personality Questionnaire: Factor structure. International Journal of Psychology, 31, 103–217.
Yarnal, C., & Qian, X. (2011). Older-adult Playfulness: An innovative construct and measurement for healthy aging research. American Journal of Play, 4(1), 52–79.
Yue, X. D., Leung, C. L., Hiranandani, N. A. (2016). Adult Playfulness, Humor Styles, and Subjective Happiness. Psychological Reports, 119(3), 630–640. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0033294116662842
Abstract views: 382 PDF Downloads: 253
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.