Psychosemantic Reconstruction of Health Concepts in Patients with Somatogenia
The article presents the results of study of the subjective psychosemantic space of patients suffering from somatogeny. The construction of a subjective semantic space is fundamentally different from the descriptive researches because it involves an experiment that simulates the certain aspects of linguistic or cognitive activity and allows the reconstruction of the system of values. This is a study of the psychosemantic structure of those semantic structures of consciousness that create a typical conceptual system of self-regulation, forming a normative and actual subjective picture of the own ideas about the health and psychological causes of its violation.
On the example of patients with chronic gastroenterological and cardiovascular diseases, the author used the method of semantic differential by Ch. Ozgud with the subsequent factorization of data and has established the basic psycho-semantic parameters of such patients’ consciousness, which allows to understand how people with a certain structure of consciousness fall into the number of patients suffering from psychogeny . The semantic differential method allows us to evaluate the subjective aspect of the meanings associated with content, social settings, stereotypes and other emotionally loaded, structured, and not enough apperceived forms of generalization. The study was conducted in three stages. At the first one was used the adoption of associations. At the second stage was obtained an array of data that represented the result of applying the semantic differential method to the description of the specified categories. The third stage was aimed at working out the received factual data.
Through the study, there were obtained the results as three factors. The main factor was called “Score”. The second (partial) bipolar factor absorbed three scales and received the name – antonym to the classical scale of Ch. Osgood “Weakness”. The third (partial) unipolar factor also contains three scales. It received the name “Activity”.
The study revealed a number of common features that characterize the partial psychosemantic space of such patients. It was found that the psychosemantic parameters of the psychosemantic space of patients differ by its cognitively-emotional simplicity, low dimensionality, inconsistency and predominance in negative connotations.
The psychosemantic structure of consciousness of the patients suffering from psychogeny involves the special efforts of clinical psychologists and psychotherapists in providing targeted psychological support and assistance to such people.
Goncharov, V.E. (2011). Vozmozhnosti ispolzovaniya dannyih klinicheskih shkal pri razgranichenii psihicheskih rasstroystv razlichnogo geneza [The possibilities of using the data of clinical scales in differentiation of the mental disorders of different genesis]. Zhurnal psihiatrii i meditsinskoy psihologii – Journal of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, 1(26), 38–41 [in Russian].
Korostiy, V.I. (2011). Nepsihoticheskie psihicheskie rasstroystva i psihologicheskie faktoryi, vliyayuschie na fizicheskoe sostoyanie, u patsientov molodogo vozrasta s psihosomaticheskoy patologiey [Non-psychotic mental disorders and psychological factors affecting the physical condition in young patients with psychosomatic pathology]. Mezhdunarodnyiy meditsinskiy zhurnal – International Medical Journal, 17(3), 13–17 [in Russian].
Korostiy, V.I. (2011). Emotsionalnyie rasstroystva u patsientov molodogo vozrasta s psihosomaticheskimi zabolevaniyami: kliniko-psihopatologicheskaya struktura i differentsirovannaya korrektsiya [Emotional disorders in young patients with psychosomatic diseases: clinical and psychopathological structure and differentiating correction]. Meditsinskaya psihologiya – Medical psychology, 4, 37–40 [in Russian].
Kudinova, O.I. (2011). Osoblivosti porushen psihIchnoyi sferi u hvorih na ishemIchnu hvorobu sertsya i somatoformnu vegetativnu disfunktsiyu sertsevo-sudinnoyi sistemi [Emotional disorders in young patients with psychosomatic diseases: clinical and psychopathological structure and differentiating correction]. Meditsinskaya psihologiya – Medical psychology, 3, 57–59 [in Ukrainian].
Leontev, A.A. (2007). Yazyik, rech, rechevaya deyatelnost [Language, speech, speech activity]. Moscow: KomKniga [in Russian].
Maksimenko, K.S. (2015). Lichnostno-orientirovannaya terapiya emotsionalnyih rasstroystv pri somatogeniyah [Person-oriented therapy of Emotional Disorders in Somatogens]. Kyiv: Izdatelskiy Dom “Slovo” [[in Russian].
Maksimenko, K.S. (2014). Rol etiologii v ponimanii psihicheskih narusheniy, svyazannyih s boleznennyimi sostoyaniyami cheloveka [The role of etiology in understanding the mental disorders associated with painful conditions of the human body]. In Ya. Goshovskiy (Eds.), Psihogeneza osobistosti: norma i deviatsiya – Psychogenesis of personality: the norm and deviation: Proceedings from scientific-practical seminar on the international. Participation, (p. 220). Lutsk [in Ukrainian].
Maksymenko, K., & Kalmykov, H. (2018). Psyxolingvistychna koncepciya i model movlennyevogo vplyvu O.O. Leontyeva ta yiyi znachennya dlya aktualizaciyi suchasnyx problem spilkuvannya [Psycholinguistic Concept and the Model of Speech Influence by A.A. Leontiev and Its Importance for Actualization of the Modern Communication Problems]. Psiholіngvіstika – Psycholinguistics, 24(1), 227–251. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2018-24-1-227-251 [in Ukrainian].
Maksymenko, S., & Orap, M. (2018). Psyxolingvistychni predyktory zdorovya [Psycholinguistic Predictors of Health]. Psiholіngvіstika – Psycholinguistics, 24(1), 252–268. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2018-24-1-252-268 [in Ukrainian].
Markova, M.V., & Kutova, N.V. (2015). Khronichnyi pankreatyt – yak model somatychnoi khvoroby z psykhotravmatychnymy naslidkamy [Chronic pancreatitis as a model of somatic illness with psychotraumatic consequences]. Ukrainskyi visnyk psykhonevrolohii – Ukrainian Herald of Psychoneurology, 23(2), Iss. 83, 111–112 [in Ukrainian].
Melzak, R. (1981). Zagadka boli [Riddle of pain]. Moscow: Medttstna [in Russian].
Mihaylov, B.V., Romanova, I.V., Andruh, G.P. et. al. (2011). Printsipi pobudovi pidgotovki fahivtsiv dlya likuvannya hvorih na somatichni ta psihichni rozladi [Principles of specialists’ training construction for the treatment of patients with somatic and mental disorders]. Meditsinskaya psihologiya – Medical psychology, 4, 65–66 [in Ukrainian].
Mihalskiy, A.I., Ivanov, V.K., Maksyutin, M.A., & Morgenshtern, V. (1996). Otsenka dinamiki zabolevaemosti likvidatorov po rezultatam ezhegodnyih obsledovaniy [Assessment of the dynamics of the morbidity of liquidators based on the results of annual surveys]. Radiatsiya i risk – Radiation and Risk, 8, 38–46 [in Russian].
Scheglov, L.M. (2006). Psihologiya somaticheskogo bolnogo [Psychology of the somatic patient]. Meditsinskaya psihologiya – Medical psychology, 3, 22– 28 [in Russian].
Petrenko, V.F. (2005). Osnovyi psihosemantiki [Fundamentals of psychosemantics]. Saint Petersburg: Piter [in Russian].
Prohorov, A.O. (2004). Sistemnyiy analiz psihicheskogo sostoyaniya sostoyaniy [Systemic analysis of mental states]. Psihologiya sostoyaniy – Psychology of the states, (pp. 141–153). Moscow: PER SE; Saint Petersburg: Rech [in Russian].
Shtrahova, A.V. (2009). Psihosemantika boli v strukture vnutrenney kartinyi bolezni u nevrologicheskih bolnyih [Psychosemantics of pain in the structure of the internal picture of disease in the neurological patiens]. Vestnik Yuzhno-Uralskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta – Bulletin of the South Ural State University, 30, 76–82 [in Russian].
The Emotional Impact of Spinal Cord Injury on the Family. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.spinal.co.uk/userfiles/pdf/factsheets/Free_to_download/emotional_impact_of_SCI_on_family.pdf
Pagoto, S. (2011). Psychological Co-Morbidities of Physical Illness: A Behavioral Medicine Perspective. Springer, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0029-6
Pervichko, E., Zinchenko, Y., & Pak, L. (2016). Psychosemantics of Pain in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. European Psychiatry, 33, 625–626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2016.01.1849
Tuval-Mashiach, R., Freedman, S., Bargai, N. et al. (2004). Coping with Trauma: Narrative and Cognitive Perspectives. Psychiatry, 67(3), 280–293. https://doi.org/10.1521/psyc.67.3.280.48977
Kreitler, S., & Kreitler, H. (1985). The psychosemantic determinants of anxiety: A cognitive approach. In Ploeg van der H., R. Schwarzer & C.D. Spielberger (Eds.), Advances in Text Anxiety Research. (Vol. 4), (pp. 117–135). Swets and Zeitlinger and Erlbaum, the Netherlands and Hillsdale, N.J.
Abstract views: 72 PDF Downloads: 84
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.