Neuropsychological Principles of Activating the Speech of Children of the Senior Preschool age in the Course of Motor Actions
The investigation is devoted to the problem of speech development of children of the senior preschool age in the course of execution of motor actions that needed neuro-psychological basics of speech activation of children during motor actions. The results of the study indicate that preschool age is the most responsible period in the development of the personality of the person, its psychological and physical development, including the development of speech.
The presence of the interrelation of general and speech motility has been proved in the studies of I.P. Pavlov, A.M. Leontiev, A.R. Luria etc., which substantiates the position that the use of various motor actions contributes to solving the problems of speech development of the child. The presence of the relationship between intellectual, social, speech development and motor activity, the state of health of the child determines the feasibility of the use of such approaches, which involve an integrated influence to a child’s personality. The exclusive role of physical and speech development determines the need for their integration for the general development of the child. The purpose of the integrated speech-motor joint motor activity is to ensure the interconnection of motor activity and development of speech of children of preschool age. The introduction of an integrated approach requires the use of innovative technologies (finger, articulation, respiratory gymnastics, football-gymnastics, logarithmics, etc.).
To test the effectiveness of the integrated speech-motor activity, a pedagogical experiment was conducted. After the survey, data was obtained that shows a positive dynamics in all indicators of speech.
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