Regulatory and Planning Speech Functions Influence on the Senior Preschoolers’ and Junior Schoolchildren’s Voluntary Development
The article is based on the idea of studying the growth of the regulatory role of child’s speech in the activity organization and feasance and the conduct of child’s behavior. According to this idea, the child’s volitional behavior arises with the skills appearance to build speech utterances, when youngster begins to draw up a plan of his/her activity and regulate the process of his/her implementation with their help, i.e., the development of planning and regulatory speech functions is in progress.
Emphasis is placed just on the problem of forming in children the ability to build utterances on their own in connection with the development of speech functions and their volitional development. It’s given the proof of the interconnection of the stages development of planning and regulatory speech functions in preschool and junior schoolchildren and the conditionality of the volitional development of children by the development of their speech skills and functions.
The paper presents a functional-structural model of the development process optimization of planning and regulatory speech functions by children in forming their speech skills. It’s illustrated the structure of the program forming preschoolers’ and first graders’ skills to model speech utterances for their development of planning and regulatory speech functions, the formation of which is considered as one of the their volitional behavior development mechanisms. The effectiveness of this program has been experimentally proved. The results show the substantial children’s speech development changes, the positive will development dynamics, the time history in an interrelation between children’s will and speech development, namely: volitional development was connected with all connected speech indicators at the same time, in preschoolers – mainly with their utterances completeness and logic, in first-graders – with the understanding of the meaning of their own speech in activity.
On the basis of the scientists’ theoretical and experimental works and presented empirical research results analysis it’s suggested to assume the senior preschool age as a sensitive for the regulatory speech function development and the junior school age – planning one.
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