Psychological Linguodidactics of Speech Development Activity of Senior School Age Children with Autistic Abnormalities
Children of senior preschool age with autistic problems have a predominantly low level of speech activity, therefore, the aim of the article is to theoretically substantiate and develop a phased correctional developmental psycholinguodidactic technology of forming speech activity of children determined age by using theoretical (study, analysis and generalization of the theoretical and methodological foundations of the research for determining the state of development of the problem and perspective directions of its study) and empirical (psychological and pedagogical experiment to study the state and features of the development of speech activity of children of senior preschool age with autistic disorders) research methods.
The experimental psycholinguodidactic technology contained three stages of work on the problem of speech activity: research-diagnostic, correctional-activity and functional-speech.
The emotional contact was established and improved, and the initial level of speech activity was diagnosed at the research-diagnostic stage. Correctional-activity stage consisted in the formation of speech and communication skills, the development of direct speech activity of children of senior preschool age with autistic disorders. The diagnosis and consolidation of the child’s achievements regarding speech activity was provided at the functional-speech stage, as well as the ability to use the acquired speech skills in the process of communication, filling the process of communication with broad interrelations with the environment.
The results of the formative experiment confirmed that although children of senior preschool age with autistic disorders did not reach a high level of speech activity, but in the experimental group there were identified children with a sufficient level, the number of children with an average level increased, and the number of children with zero level of speech activity decreased, which confirms the effectiveness of experimental psycholinguodidactic correctional technology.
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