Psycholinguistic Meaning of the Concept of “Faith”


Keywords: faith, concept, psycholinguistic experiment, free associative experiment, religious discourse, linguistic consciousness.

Abstract

The article presents the results of a free associative experiment aimed at studying the verbalized concept of “faith” in the ordinary linguistic consciousness. The sample consisted of 487 people, speakers both of Russian and Ukrainian languages (15-67 years old) in an equal ratio of male and female. The article provides an analysis of the frequencies of the first reaction to the word-stimulus “faith” and the five reactions together, and the results of the clustering of high-frequency associations. The psycholinguistic meaning of the concept of faith was considered by us as an ordered unity of all the semantic components of the lexeme “faith”, which are really connected with this sound form in the consciousness of the speakers of the Russian and Ukrainian languages. The study showed that the concept of “faith” is expressed in the nuclear psycholinguistic meaning “hope”. The results of the experiment suggest that the associative field of the concept “faith” is represented by theological (religious) and moral semes, reflected in the peripheral psycholinguistic meanings – “love”, “religion”, “God”, “church” and many other meanings of the extreme periphery. It was shown that faith represents the “female name”, which acts as a detotat of females, which also explains the high frequency of personalized reactions. The etymological analysis of the lexeme “faith” allowed us to correlate the primary meanings of this concept with its meanings in the content of the modern ordinary consciousness and to conclude that some of the original meanings of faith remained (“trust”, “confidence”, “oath”, “verity”, “religion”, “deity”), and some of the meanings have been lost. In general, our results are confirmed in the works of both foreign and domestic scientists devoted to the analysis and description of the concept of “faith”, which is characterized by several semantic levels, ambivalence, high-frequency associates of theological and moral semantics, the presence of metaphorical and emotive values.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alekseeva, Y.A. (2014). Psykholohichnyy analiz semantychnoho prostoru kontseptu “vira” [Psychological analysis of the semantic space of the concept of “faith”]. Problemy suchasnoyi psykholohiyi – Problems of modern psychology, 26, 40–54 [in Ukrainian].

Vorkachev, S.G. (2007). Lyubov kak lingvokulturnyy kontsept [Love as a linguocultural concept]. Moscow: Gnosis [in Russian].

Gerasimovich, O.V. (2013). Vostochnoslavyanskaya semanticheskaya aksiologiya (vera, nadezhda, lyubov) [East Slavic semantic axiology (faith, hope, love)]. Minsk: Belarusian Nauka [in Russian].

Holub, L.Yu., Druhova, O.Yu. & Holub, P.Yu. (2003). Populyarnyy slovar po buddyzmu y blyzkym k nemu uchenyyam [A popular dictionary on Buddhism and related teachings]. Moscow: Khronyker [in Russian].

Goshovska, O.V. (2011). Semantychnyy prostir kontseptu vira [The semantic space of the concept of faith]. Naukovyy chasopys Natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni M.P. Drahomanova – Scientific journal of the National Pedagogical University named after M.P. Drahomanov, 7, 391–396 [in Ukrainian].

Dal, V. (1955). Tolkovyy slovar zhivogo velikorusskogo yazyka [Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language]. (Vols. 1). Moscow.

Dvoretskyy, I.Kh. (1996). Latynsko-russkyy slovar [Latin-Russian Dictionary] (4nd ed.). Moscow: Russkiy yazyk [in Russian].

Eremeev, V.E. (2005). Symvoly y chysla “Knyhy peremen” [Symbols and numbers of the “Book of Changes”]. Moscow: Ladomyr [in Russian].

Karasyk, V.Y. (2002). Yazykovoy kruh: lychnost, kontsepty, dyskurs [Language circle: personality, concepts, discourse]. Volhohrad: Peremena [in Russian].

Klymkiv, Ye.M. (2012). Frazeolohichna realizatsiya kontseptu “vira” v bibliynykh tekstakh [Phraseological realization of the concept of “faith” in biblical texts]. Naukovi zapysky Natsionanoho universytetu “Ostrozka akademiya” – Scientific notes of National University of Ostroh Academy, 24, 125–128 [in Ukrainian].

Kolomiyets, K. (2014). Kontsept viry v ukrayinskiy movi [Concept of Faith in the Ukrainian Language] Retrieved from http://ukrconf.fl.kpi.ua [in Ukrainian].

Kostruba, N. (2018). Verbalna reprezentatsiya kontseptu “tserkva” (za danymy asotsiatyvnoho eksperymentu) [Verbal representation of the concept “church” (according to the associative experiment)]. Psykholinhvistyka – Psycholinguistics, 23(1), 160-174. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1211185 [in Ukrainian].

Kuznetsov, O.I. (2017a). Psykholohichnyy analiz fenomenu viry u naukovomu piznanni [Psychological analysis of the phenomenon of faith in scientific knowledge]. Psykholohiya i osobystist – Psychology and personality, 1(11), 289–297 [in Ukrainian].

Kuznetsov, O.I. (2017b). Relyhyya v semantycheskom prostranstve lychnosty [Religion in the semantic space of the person.]. Visnyk KHNPU im. H.S. Skovorody – H.S. Skovoroda KhNPU Herald, 55, 58–67 [in Russian].

Leontyev, D.A. (2003). Psykholohyya smysla: pryroda, stroenye y dynamyka smyslovoy realnosty [Psychology of meaning: nature, structure and dynamics of the semantic reality]. Moscow: Smysl [in Russian].

Matskiv, P. (2016). Semantychnyy obshyr leksemy vira: slovnykovo-diakhronnyy ta frazeolohichnyy aspekty [Semantic enormous verbal lexis: vocabulary-diachronic and phraseological aspects.]. Problemy humanitarnykh nauk – Problems of the humanities, 38, 266–273 [in Ukrainian].

Matskiv, P.V. (2006). Kontseptosfera BOH v ukrayinskomu movnomu prostori [Conceptosphere of GOD in the Ukrainian language space]. Drohobych: Kolo [in Ukrainian].

Ovchinnikova, I.G. (2009). Dialog subkultur (kontsepty dengi i biznes v soznanii molodykh rossiyan) [Subcultures dialogue (concepts of money and business in the minds of young Russians)]. V.A. Salimov (Ed.), Ya i drugoy v prostranstve teksta – I and the other in the text space (Vols. 2), (pp. 256–280). Perm-Ljubljana [in Russian].

Ozhehov, S.Y. (1990). Slovar russkoho yazyka [Dictionary of the Russian language]. Moscow: Russkiy yazyk [in Russian].

Prabhupada, S.B. (2015). Bhagavat-Gita yak vona ye [Bgaavat-Gita as she is]. Kharkiv: Bkhaktivedanta buk trast [in Ukrainian].

Savelyuk, N.M. (2017b). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti metaforychnoho rozuminnya bazovykh relihiynykh kontseptiv subyektamy z riznymy rivnyamy relihiynoyi aktyvnosti [Psychological features of metaphorical understanding of basic religious concepts by subjects with different levels of religious activity.]. Psykholohichnyy chasopys – Psychological Journal, 4(8), 111–133 [in Ukrainian].

Savelyuk, N.M. (2017a). Psykholinhvistychni universaliyi rozuminnya molytvy “Otche nash” (dyskursyvnyy pidkhid) [Psycholinguistic universals Understanding the prayer “Our Father” (discursive approach).]. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 4(1), 175–187. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.831702 [in Ukrainian].

Sydorov, S.A. (2005). Buddyzm: ystoryya, kanony, kultura [Buddhism: history, canons, culture]. Moscow: Astrel [in Russian].

Sorokin, Yu.A. (1985). Psikholingvisticheskiye aspekty izucheniya teksta [Psycholinguistic aspects of the study of the text]. Moscow: Nauka [in Russian].

Stepanov, Yu.S. (1997). Konstanty: Slovar russkoy kultury: opyt yssledovanyya [Constants: Dictionary of Russian culture: experience of research]. Moscow [in Russian].

Sternyn, Y.A., & Rudakova, A.V. (2011). Psykholynhvystycheskoe znachenye y eho opysanye. Teoretycheskye problemy [Psycholinguistic meaning and its description. Theoretical problems]. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing: Saarbrücken [in Russian].

Sternyn, Y.A., & Salomatyna, M.S. (2011). Semantycheskyy analyz slova v kontekste [Semantic analysis of the word in the context]. Voronezh: «Ystoky» [in Russian].

Khomulenko, T.B., Kuznetsov, O.I., & Fomenko, K.I. (2018). Molytva yak predmet movlennyevoyi diyalnosti ta yiyi komunikatyvnyy namir [Prayer as a subject of speech activity and its communicative intention]. Psykholinhvistyka – Psycholinguistics, 23(1), 309–326. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1211565 [in Ukrainian].

Chmil, N. (2017). Verbalna reprezentatsiya kontseptu “propovid” (za danymy asotsiatyvnoho eksperymentu) [Verbal Representation of the Concept “Sermon” (Based on the Association Test)]. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 4(1), 30–39. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.824410 [in Ukrainian].

Yamnytska, O.M. (2016). Semantyko-etymolohichnyy analiz kontseptu vira (na materiali anhliyskoyi, ukrayinskoyi ta frantsuzkoyi mov) [Semantic-etymological analysis of the concept of faith (on the material of English, Ukrainian and French).]. Naukovyy visnyk Khersonskoho derzhavnoho universytetu – Scientific Herald of Kherson State University, 4, 118–122 [in Ukrainian].

Clyne, M., & Bouma, G. D. (1994). Talking about One’s Life and Faith: A Pilot Project on Language and Religion. Text, 14(2), 167–184. https://doi.org/10.1515/text.1.1994.14.2.167

Fowler, J.W. (1991). Stages in faith consciousness. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 52, 27–45. https://doi.org/10.1002/cd.23219915204

Fowler, J.W. (1995). Stages of Faith: The Psychology of Human Development and the Quest for Meaning. San Francisco: Haper & Row.

Francis, L.J. (2005). Faith and Psychology: Personality, Religion and the Individual. London: Darton, Longman and Todd.

Grabowska, M. (2013). Profiling the concept of Faith in God in the context of Construal Level Theory of Psychological Distance. Rocznik Kognitywistyczny, 6, 11–22.

Haskell, D.M., Paradis, K., & Burgoyne, S. (2008). Defending the faith: Reaction to The DaVinci Code, The Jesus Papers, The Gospel of Judas and other pop culture discourses in Easter Sunday sermons. Review of Religious Research, 50(2), 139–156.

Iyabode, O.D. (2012). Faith as the Pivot for the Miraculous: A Discourse Analysis of a Biblical Text. Scriptura, 109, 28–35.

Kuznetsov, O. (2017). Religiousness: Components, Types and Coping Strategies. Science and education, 11, 70–75. https://doi.org/10.24195/2414-4665-2017-11-9

Smith, W.S. (1998). Faith and belief: The difference between them. Oxford: Oneworld.

Abstract views: 36
PDF Downloads: 20
Published
2019-04-18
How to Cite
Khomulenko, T., & Kuznetsov, O. (2019). Psycholinguistic Meaning of the Concept of “Faith”. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 25(1), 338-362. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2019-25-1-338-362