Discursive Technologies of Self-Designing Personality
The article presents and analyzes a three-level model of a self-designing personality (“plagiarist”, “reader”, “author”) and describes the psychological characteristics of the subject of self-designing on each of them. In the optics of the psycho-hermeneutic approach, the conception of discursive technology as a communicative- and -semiotic process is proposed. The process provides storage, accumulation, transformation, translation and retranslation of the value-semantic resource incorporated into certain sign-symbolic forms, in particular, in a wide range of sociocultural and personal texts. It is shown that discursive technologies at each of the selected self-designing levels have an expressed specificity, due to the methods of the individual experience organizing, the text objectification of this experience, sense-formation strategies and understanding procedures. The basic discursive technology at the level of "plagiarist" is the statement. The technology of transition to the “reader” level is an informational dialogue, in the process of which the topic of statements is explicated, which, in turn, starts the process of structuring, framing the individual “vital material” and creating narrative constructs. The narrative becomes the main discursive technology of the personality at the “reader” level. To go to the optional “author” level a personality has to master the technology of semantic dialogue, during which the creation of auto-narratives takes place. At the “author” level, thanks to a certain value-semantic “logic” of the auto-narratives integration into a single semantic whole, a personality vital product is born. The leitmotif appears the backbone of the product, as well as the means of navigation of the personality within it. It is generalized that the discursive technologies of personality self-designing are directed to the thematic organization of life situations at the “plagiarist” level; the space-and-time and cause-and-effect structuring of life events at the “reader” level; value- and-semantic integration of the life history at the “author” level.
Zaytseva, Yu.Ye. (2016). Ya-narrativ kak instrument konstruirovaniya identichnosti: ekzistentsialno-narrativnyy podkhod [Self-Narrative as a Tool for Identity Design: An Existential-Narrative Approach]. Vestnik SPbGU – Saint-Petersburg University bulletin, 16(1), 118–136 [in Russian].
Kazakov, I.S. (2011). Samoproyektirovaniye – analiz ponyatiya [Self-designing – analysis of the concept]. Vestnik SGUTiKD – Journal «Sochi Journal of Economy», 2(16), 130–133 [in Russian].
Leontyev, D.A. (2013). Lichnostnoye izmereniye chelovecheskogo razvitiya [The personal dimension of human development]. Voprosy psikhologii − Psychology, 3, 67–80 [in Russian].
Leontyev, D.A. (2014). Smysloobrazovaniye i yego konteksty: zhizn, struktura, kultura, opyt [Sense formation and its contexts: life, structure, culture, experience]. Mir psikhologii – The world of psychology, 1, 104–117 [in Russian].
Lukov, V.A., & Lukov, V.A. (2014). Metodologiya tezaurusnogo pokhoda: strategiya ponimaniya [Methodology of the thesaurus: the understanding strategy]. Znaniye. Ponimaniye. Umeniye – Knowledge. Understanding, 1, 18–35 [in Russian].
Mamardashvili, M.K. (2001). Estetika myshleniya [Aesthetics of thinking]. Мoscow: Mosk. Shkola polit. issledov. [in Russian].
Chepeleva, N.V. (Ed.). (2009). Problemy psikhologicheskoy germenevtiki [Problems of psychological hermeneutics]. Кyiv: Izd-vo Natsionalnogo pedagogicheskogo un-ta im. N.P. Dragomanova [in Ukrainian].
Chepelеva, N.V., Smulson, M.L., Zazimko, O.V., & Gutsol, S.Yu. (2016). Samoproektuvannja osobistostі u diskursivnomu prostorі [Self-design of a person in a discursive space]. Кyiv: Pedahohіchna dumka [in Ukrainian].
Starovoytenko, Ye.B. (2013). Vozmozhnosti ya v otnoshenii k drugomu: germenevtika i refleksiya [Possibilities for me in relation to another: hermeneutics and reflection]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki – Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, 10(4), 121–142 [in Russian].
Trufanova, Ye.O. (2010). Ya-narrativ i yego avtor [Self-narrative and its author]. Filosofiya nauki – Philosophy of science, 15, 183–193 [in Russian].
Tyunnikov, Yu.S. (2000). Sotsiokulturnoye i pedagogicheskoye proyektirovaniye: problemy vzaimodeystviya [Sociocultural and pedagogical design: problems of interaction]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Severo-Kavkazskiy region. Obshchestvennyye nauki – Proceedings of higher educational institutions. North Caucasus region. Social Sciences, 1, 100–104 [in Russian].
Chepeleva, N.V., & Rudnicka, S.Yu. (2018). Psiholohіchna harakterystyka osobystostі, zdatnoi do samoproektuvannja [Psychological characteristic of a person capable of self-design]. Pedahohіka і psiholohіja – Pedagogy and psychology, 1, 71–77 [in Ukrainian].
Chepeleva, N.V. (2017). Rozuminnia – Interpretatsiia – Tlumachennia [Understanding – Interpretation – Explication]. Tekhnolohii rozvytku intelektu –Technologies of Intellect Development, Vol 2, 6(17) [in Ukrainian].
Baddeley, J., & Singer, J.A. (2007). Charting the life story’s path: Narrative identity across the life span. In J. Clandinin (Ed.), Handbook of narrative research methods (pp. 177–202). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781452226552.n7
Bauer, J.J., & McAdams, D.P. (2004). Personal growth in adults’ stories of life transitions. Journal of Personality, 72, 573–602. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00273.x
Eco, U. (1984). Semiotics and the philosophy of language. Indiana University Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-17338-9
Gergen, К. (1999). An invitation to social construction. London: Sage.
Habermas, T. & de Silveira, C. (2008). The development of global coherence in life narratives across adolescence: Temporal, causal, and thematic aspects. Developmental Psychology, 44, 707–721. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16184.108.40.2067
Hammack, P.L. (2008). Narrative and the cultural psychology of identity. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 12, 222–247. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868308316892
McAdams, D.P. (2008). Personal narratives and the life story. In O. John, R. Robins & L. Pervin (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (3rd ed.), (pp. 242–262). New York: Guilford Press.
McLean, K.C., Pasupathi, M. & Pals, J.L. (2007). Selves creating stories creating selves: A process model of self-development. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 262–278. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088868307301034
Pals, J.L. (2006). Authoring a second chance in life: Emotion and transformational processing within narrative identity. Research in Human Development, 3, 101–120. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15427617rhd0302&3_3
Sarbin, T.R. (1986). The narrative as a root metaphor for psychology. In T. R. Sarbin (Ed.), Narrative psychology: The storied nature of human conduct (pp. 3–21). New York: Praeger.
Wittgenstein, L. (2009). Philosophical investigations (4th edition). Oxford. UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
Abstract views: 175 PDF Downloads: 141
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.