Synonymic Syntagms and Utterances as Phenomenologically Reconstructed Discourse Innovations (on the material of modern French fiction)

Keywords: discourse innovation, monopredicative utterance, phenomenological reconstruction, polypredicative utterance, syntactical synonymy.


The phenomenon of syntactic synonymy in mono- and polypredicative utterances of modern French fiction prose is considered in this article from the standpoint of phenomenology. The phenomenological method of cognition of being and its structures and categories, which is based on the human tendency to study objects of observation in the form they appear in consciousness, is aimed at ontology. It is proved that in the process of learning about being relations mind → language correspond to the first phase of polyoperations of reconstruction of phenomenological organization of the universe; the continuum language → discourse corresponds to the second phase. Three stages of phenomenological construction of synonymic structures at the levels of primary and secondary consciousness are distinguished: 1) destruction and reconstruction of being as the result of observing its structures and categories (primary consciousness (inconscious mental operations)) → sublinguistic schemes (subconscious stratum of secondary consciousness); 2) sublinguistic schemes → primary syntagms and propositions (surface stratum of secondary consciousness); 3)primary syntagms and propositions → secondary reduced, extended and quantitatively equally componental transforms (surface stratum of secondary consciousness) actualized in the form of grammatised and typical or atypical agrammatised functionally transposed and notransposed mono- and polypredicative discourse innovations. The typologies of: а) functionally transposed co(n)textually pertinent structures with linear transposition: with the change of volume, equal quantity of lexical elements or with conversion of components of synonymic structures; and b) notransposed compressed, extended and quantitatively equally componental synonymic co(n)textually adequate transforms of primary syntagms and propositions are established. In the course of analysis of utterances with syntactical synonymy a large number of the structures with polysynonymisation at the level of one syntagm or proposition is revealed.


Download data is not yet available.


Agafonov, A. (2014). Evolyucionnaya epistemologiya i kognitivnaya psikhologiya soznaniya, ili zachem cheloveku razum? [Evolutionary Epistemology and Cognitive Psychology of Consciousness, or Why Does a Man Need a Mind?]. Psikholіngvіstika – Psycholinguistics, 17, 18–40 [in Russian].
Balli, Sh. (1955). Obshchaya lingvistika i voprosy francuzskogo yazyka [General linguistics and French questions]. Moscow : Izd-vo inostrannoy literaturyi [in Russian].
Belyaev, А. (1989). Estetika : Slovar [Aesthetics : Dictionary]. Mosсow : Politizdat [in Russian].
Deyk van, T. (1989). Yazyik. Poznanie. Kommunikatsiya [Language. Knowledge. Communication]. Mosсow : Progress [in Russian].
Frey, A. (2006). Grammatika oshibok [Grammar of errors]. Mosсow : KomKniga [in Russian].
Giyom, G. (2004). Principy teoreticheskoj lingvistiki [Principles of theoretical linguistics]. Moscow : Editorial URSS [in Russian].
Gusserl, E. (1911). Filosofiya kak strogaya nauka [Philosophy as a rigorous science]. Logos – Logos, 1, 1–56 [in Russian].
Haydegger, M. (2001). Osnovnye problemy fenomenologii [The main problems of phenomenology]. St. Petersburg : Vyisshaya religiozno-filosofskaya shkola [in Russian].
Koprov, V. (2010). Semantiko-funkcionalnyj sintaksis russkogo yazyka v sopostavlenii s anglijskim i vengerskim [Semantic-functional syntax of Russian in comparison with English and Hungarian]. Voronezh : Izdatel O. Yu. Aleynikov [in Russian].
Makarov, M. (2003). Osnovy teorii diskursa [Fundamentals of the theory of discourse]. Mosсow : Gnozis [in Russian].
Minkin, L. (2008). Predlozhenie, vyiskazyivanie, rechevoy akt [Proposition, utterance, speech act]. Visnyk Kiyivskogo nationalnogo lingvistichnogo universitetu. Seriya Filologiya – Messenger of the Kiev National Linguistic University. Philology Series, 10(2), 5–15 [in Russian].
Minkin, L. (2012). Teoriya lingvisticheskogo mentalizma G. Giyoma i voprosyi neyrolingvistiki [The theory of linguistic mentalism of G. Guillaume and issues of neurolinguistics]. Vіsnуk Kіуivskogo natsіonalnogo lіngvіstichnogo unіversitetu. Seriya Filologiya – Messenger of the Kiev National Linguistic University. Philology Series, 1(2), 98–110 [in Russian].
Savchenko, A. (1986). Lingvistika rechi [Linguistics of speech]. Aspektyi obschey i chastnoy lingvistiki teorii teksta – Aspects of the general and particular linguistics of the theory of the text, 3, 62–74 [in Russian].
Seаrlе, D. (2002). Otkryvaya soznanie zanovo [Revealing consciousness again]. Mosсow : Ideya-Press [in Russian].
Yakobson, R. (1996). Yаzyk i bessoznatelnoe [The language and the unconscious]. Mosсow : Gnozis [in Russian].
Adam, J.-M. (2008). Les textes: types et prototypes. Paris : Armand Colin.
Boone, A., & Joly, A. (1986). Dictionnaire terminologique de la systématique du langage. Paris : Harmattan.
Charolles, M. (2002). La référence et les expressions référentielles en français. Paris : Éditions Ophrys.
Culioli, А. (1973). Sur quelques contradictions en linguistique. Communications, 20(1), 83–91.
Fuchs, C. (1994). Paraphrase et énonciation. Paris : Ophrys [in French].
Gineste, M.-D. (2003). De la phrase à la proposition sémantique : un point de vue de la psychologie cognitive du langage. L’information grammaticale, 98, 48–51.
Guillaume, G. (1969). Langage et science du langage. Paris : Librairie A.-G. Nizet; Québec : Les presses de l’Université Laval.
Litwin, P. (2016). Book review : Beata Stawarska, Saussure’s Philosophy of Language as Phenomenology : Undoing the Doctrine of the Course in General Linguistics. Oxford : Oxford University Press 2015, 286 pp. Psychology of Language and Communication, 20(2), 182–190.
Valette, M. (2006). Linguistiques énonciatives et cognitives françaises. Gustave Guillaume, Bernard Pottier, Maurice Toussaint, Antoine Culioli. Paris : Édition Honoré Champion [in French].

Abstract views: 219
PDF Downloads: 153
How to Cite
Lepetiukha, A. (2019). Synonymic Syntagms and Utterances as Phenomenologically Reconstructed Discourse Innovations (on the material of modern French fiction). PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 25(2), 181-196.