Synonymic Syntagms and Utterances as Phenomenologically Reconstructed Discourse Innovations (on the material of modern French fiction)

Keywords: discourse innovation, monopredicative utterance, phenomenological reconstruction, polypredicative utterance, syntactical synonymy.


The phenomenon of syntactic synonymy in mono- and polypredicative utterances of modern French fiction prose is considered in this article from the standpoint of phenomenology. The phenomenological method of cognition of being and its structures and categories, which is based on the human tendency to study objects of observation in the form they appear in consciousness, is aimed at ontology. It is proved that in the process of learning about being relations mind → language correspond to the first phase of polyoperations of reconstruction of phenomenological organization of the universe; the continuum language → discourse corresponds to the second phase. Three stages of phenomenological construction of synonymic structures at the levels of primary and secondary consciousness are distinguished: 1) destruction and reconstruction of being as the result of observing its structures and categories (primary consciousness (inconscious mental operations)) → sublinguistic schemes (subconscious stratum of secondary consciousness); 2) sublinguistic schemes → primary syntagms and propositions (surface stratum of secondary consciousness); 3)primary syntagms and propositions → secondary reduced, extended and quantitatively equally componental transforms (surface stratum of secondary consciousness) actualized in the form of grammatised and typical or atypical agrammatised functionally transposed and notransposed mono- and polypredicative discourse innovations. The typologies of: а) functionally transposed co(n)textually pertinent structures with linear transposition: with the change of volume, equal quantity of lexical elements or with conversion of components of synonymic structures; and b) notransposed compressed, extended and quantitatively equally componental synonymic co(n)textually adequate transforms of primary syntagms and propositions are established. In the course of analysis of utterances with syntactical synonymy a large number of the structures with polysynonymisation at the level of one syntagm or proposition is revealed.


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Lepetiukha, A. (2019). Synonymic Syntagms and Utterances as Phenomenologically Reconstructed Discourse Innovations (on the material of modern French fiction). PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 25(2), 181-196.