Narrative Indicators of Adolescents’ Maladaptive Cognitive Schemas
Introduction. The article presents the results of a study of adolescents` personal narratives. The general aim of the study was to identify narrative indicators of adolescents’ maladaptive cognitive schemas. This aim was achieved by virtue of realization of such tasks as: to identify the specific text categories (indicators) that indicate the maladaptive schemas and to determine the predictive power of each category (indicator). In the course of theoretical analysis, there were systematized the approaches to the understanding of personal narratives and “self-texts”. There also was generalized the concept of maladaptive cognitive schemas, and were defined textual categories which can be reflected in the narratives of people who have certain maladaptive schemas.
Methods. The methods of the empirical study were Dusseldorf Illustrated Schema Questionnaire for Children and the content-analysis of personal narratives. Statistical processing of the obtained data and determination of the predictive power of each narrative category were performed with the help of the method of recursive division trees.
Results. As a result of the empirical study was it was found that certain categories in the personal narratives of adolescents allow us to predict the manifestation of individual maladaptive schemas. There were identified narrative indicators, able to predict fourteen of the eighteen schemas. It was determined that the knowledge of narrative indicators of maladaptive cognitive schemas can be used within the psychological counseling and therapy at the stage of gathering primary information, as well as in the context of purposeful psychological impact.
Conclusions. There were described the topical prospects for further scientific development of the problem, which were to expand the categorical structure of content analysis, which would allow to find indicators of four schemas that remain unclear, as well as to widen the age range of respondents and to test the hypothesis about the existence of a link between the personal narratives of adults and their maladaptive schemas. There was made an assumption that modification of a personal narrative can accelerate therapeutic work aimed at eliminating the negative impact of maladaptive schemas on a person's life.
Vasylyuk, O. (2014). Avtobiohrafichnyy naratyv yak diahnostychnyy instrumentariy pid chas doslidzhenni travmatychnoyi pam’yati [An autobiographical narrative as a diagnostic tool in the study of traumatic memory]. East European Journal of Psycholinguistics, 1, 201–208 [in Ukrainian].
Zhornyak, Ye.S. (2005). Narrativnaya psikhoterapiya [Narrative psychotherapу]. Zhurnal prakticheskoy psikhologii i psikhoanaliza – Journal of Practical Psychology and Psychoanalysis, 4, 75–87 [in Russian].
Zaytseva, Yu.E. (2016). YA-narratyv kak ynstrument konstruyrovanyya ydentychnosty: ekzystentsyalno-narratyvnyy podkhod [Self-narrative as a tool for constructing identity: an existential-narrative approach]. Vestnyk SPbHU – Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University, 16(1), 17–24 [in Russian].
Zasyekina, L.V. (2012). Naratyvnyy dosvid vis-à-vis zdorovyu osobystosti [Narrative experience vis-à-vis personality health]. Psykholohichni perspektyvy – Psychological prospects, 19, 101–110 [in Ukrainian].
Zasyekina, L.V. (2009). Psykholohiya znachennya: vidbyttya diyalnisnoho pidkhodu u kohnityvniy paradyhmi [Psychology of meaning: reflection of the activity approach in the cognitive paradigm]. Naukovi zapysky Natsionalnyy universytet «Ostrozka akademiya» – Scientific notes of the National University «Ostroh Academy», 12, 62–72 [in Ukrainian].
Yonova, S.V., & Shteba, A.A. (2019). Smeshannye émotsyy: k voprosu o lynhvystycheskoy reprezentatsyy y metyazyke opysanyya [Mixed emotions: on the question of linguistic representation and the language of description]. Voprosy psykholynhvystyky – Journal of Psycholinguistics, 2(40), 63–81. https://doi.org/10.30982/2077-5911-2019-40-2-63-81 [in Russian].
Kazantseva, Ye.V. (2018). Psikhologicheskiy substrat narrativnoy skhemy [The psychological substrate of the narrative scheme]. Psikholog – Psychologies, 1, 39–48. https://doi.org/10.25136/2409-8701.2018.1.24412 [in Russian].
Kubrak, T.A. (2009). Yntentsyya samoprezentatsyy subekta v verbalnoy kommunykatsyy [Intensity of self-presentation of a subject in verbal communication]. Candidate’s thesis. Moscow [in Russian].
Lytvynenko, O.O. (2014). Indyvidualno-psykholohichni osoblyvosti spryymannya literaturnoho tekstu [Individual-psychological peculiarities of literary text perception]. Candidate’s thesis. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Masiyenko, Yu.O. (2006). Strukturno-dynamichni oznaky «YA-tekstu» osobystosti [Structural and dynamic features of the «I-text» of personality]. Candidate’s thesis. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Nikitina, Ye.S. (2015). O ponyatii nulevogo smysla teksta [On the concept of zero meaning of the text]. Kulturno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya – Cultural-Historical Psychology, 11(2), 108–117. https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2015110211 [in Russian].
Fedorova, E.A. (2007). Lychnostnye y sytuatsyonnye faktory vybora verbalnykh tekhnyk samoprezentatsyy [Personal and situational factors for the choice of verbal techniques of self-presentation]. Candidate’s thesis. Moscow [in Russian].
Chepyeleva, N.V. (2010). Zhyttyevyy uspikh yak naratyv [Life Success as а Narrative]. Uspishnist osobystosti: Potentsial ta obmezhennya – Success of personality: potential and limitations (pp. 251–254) [in Russian].
Yuryeva, N.M. (2018). Interaktivnyy komponent v mekhanizme porozhdeniya narrativa detmi [Interactive component in the mechanism of generation of narrative by children]. Voprosy psykholynhvystyky – Journal of Psycholinguistics, 1(35), 115–125. https://doi.org/10.30982/2077-5911-2018-35-1-115-125 [in Russian].
Bauer, J., & McAdams, D. (2010). Eudaimonic growth: Narrative growth goals predict increases in ego development and subjective well-being 3 years later. Developmental Psychology, 46(4), 761–772. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0019654
Bateman, A., & Fonagy, P. (2009). Psychotherapy For Borderline Personality Disorder. N.Y.
Blenkiron, Р. (2005). Stories and Analogies in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: A Clinical Review. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 33, 45–54. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465804001766
Dautenhahn, К. (2009). The Narrative Intelligence Hypothesis: In Search of the Transactional Format of Narratives in Humans and Other Social Animals. UK: University of Hertfordshire.
Harre, R. (2002). Cognitive Science. A Philosophical Introduction. SAGE Publications Ltd.
Hothorn, Т., Hornik, К., & Zeileis, А. (2006). Unbiased Recursive Partitioning: A Conditional Inference Framework. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 15(3), 33–45. https://doi.org/10.1198/106186006X133933
Loose, Ch., Meyer, F., & Pietrowsky, R. (2018). The Dusseldorf Illustrated Schema Questionnaire for Children (DISC). Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 31, 1–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41155-018-0087-y
Sarbin, T. (1986). Narrative psychology: the storied nature of human conduct. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Stephens, C., & Breheny, M. (2015). Narrative Analysis in Psychological Research: An Integrated Approach to Interpreting Stories. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 10, 71–78. https://doi.org/10.1080/14780887.2011.586103
Van Dijk, Т. (2008). Philosophy of Action and Theory of Narrative. USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc.
Wooffitt, R. (2015). Conversation Analysis and Discourse Analysis. London. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781849208765
Young, J., Klosko J., & Weishaar, M. (2003). Schema therapy. N.Y., London.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.