Psycholinguistic Methods of Suggestion Strategies Realization as US Presidents’ G. Bush Jr. and B. Obama Conceptual Style Markers

Keywords: conceptual style, analytical style, relational style, information deletion, information generalization, suggestogen

Abstract

The article defines the conceptual style as the object of linguistic analysis; two main conceptual styles – the analytical and the relational ones – have been described. The analytical conceptual style is associated with formally organized families, while the relational conceptual style is characteristic for the people, who originate from the families, not formally organized. It has been proved that the conceptual style of G. Bush Jr. is analytical, the conceptual style of B. Obama is relational. The main tactics of suggestion influence strategies, namely, the tactics of information deletion and information generalization, have been singled out. The main language means of information deletion realization, which we call suggestogens, namely, nominalizing elements, non-specific nouns, non-specific pronouns, passive constructions, comparative / superlative constructions, have been analysed. The main language means of information generalization realization, which we call suggestogens, namely, universal quantifiers, modal operators of possibility / necessity, intensifiers, have been analysed. It has been proved that typical suggestogens, used by the US Presidents, serve as markers of their conceptual styles. In the political discourse of G. Bush Jr. non-specific nouns, non-specific pronouns, modal operators of possibility / necessity prevail, as individuals with analytical style tend to excessively use abstract lexemes and in their speech verbs are more frequent. In the political discourse of B. Obama intensifiers and comparative/superlative constructions are more frequent, as in the speech of individuals with relational style emotional information prevails over cognitive one and adjectives are more frequent.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bezrebra, N. Iu. (2007). Linhvoctylistychnyi ta semantyko-kohnityvnyi aspekty poetyky E. Dikinson [Linguistic-stylistic and semantic-cognitive aspects of E. Dickinson poetics]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Bendler, R., & Grinder, D. (1995). Ispolzuite svoi mozg dlia izmeneniia [Use your brain for change]. Moscow [in Russian].
Broslavska, L. Ia., & Shevchenko, I. S. (2012). Idiostyl’ I kontseptualna idiosfera avtora u khudozhniomu dyskursi [Idio-style and conceptual idio-sphere of the author in artistic discourse]. Visnyk KhNU im. V. N. Karazina. – Journal of Kharkiv National University named after V. N. Karazin, 1003, 22–27 [in Ukrainian].
Girutskii, A. A., & Girutskii, I. A. (2010). Neyrolingvistika [Neuro-linguistics]. Minsk: «TetraSysytems» [in Russian].
Kovalevska, T. Iu. (2001). Komunikatyvni aspekty neyrolinhvistychnoho prohramuvannya [Communicative aspects of neurolinguistic programming]. Odesa: Astroprynt [in Ukrainian].
Ozhevan, N. (2012). Iazyk politiki i iazykovaya politika: posttotalitarnyie problem preodolyevaniia etnotsentrizma [The language of politics and language policy: post-totalitarian problems of etno-language centrism overcoming]. Retrieved from http://www.niurr.gov.ua [in Russian].
Romanovska, L. I. (2005). Kohnityvnyi styl’ osobystosti iak chynnyk protsesu rozuminnia tekstu [Personal cognitive style as a factor of the text understanding process]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Sokolova, Ie. T. (1987). Proektivnyie metody issledovaniia lichnosti [Projective methods of personality research]. Moscow: Izdatelstvo MGU [in Russian].
Sukhikh, S. A., & Zelenskaya, V. V. (1998). Pragmalingvisticheskoye modelirovaniie kommunikativnogo protsessa [Pragmalinguistic modeling of communication process]. Krasnodar : Izdatelstvo Kubanskogo Universiteta [in Russian].
A World That Stands as One (2008). July 24. Retrieved from https://my.barackobama.com/page/content/berlinvideo
Cohen, R. (1969). Conceptual Styles, Culture Conflict, and Nonverbal Tests of Intelligence. American Anthropologist, 5(71), 828–856. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com. doi: 10.1525/aa.1969.71.5.02a00040/pdf
Granena, G. (2016). Cognitive Aptitudes for Implicit and Explicit Learning and Information-Processing Styles : An Individual Differences Study. Applied Psycholinguistics, 3(37), 577–600. doi: 10.1017/S0142716415000120
Griffiths,C., & Görsev, I. (2016). Styles and Style-Stretching : How are They Related to Successful Learning? Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 3(45), 599–613. doi: 10.1007/s10936-015-9366-2.
Kozhevnikov, M. (2007). Cognitive Styles in the Context of Modern Psychology : Toward an Intergated Framework of Cognitive Style. Psychological Bulletin, 3(133), 464–481. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.133.3.464
Our Past, Future and Vision for America (2007). February 10. Retrieved from http://obamaspeeches.com/099-Announcement-For-President-Springfield-Illinois-Obama-Speech.html
President Bush Addresses the United Nations General Assembly (2008). January 1. Retrieved from https://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2008/09/20080923-5.html
President Bush Participates in Joint Press Availability with Prime Minister Gordon Brown of the United Kingdom (2007). July 30. Retrieved from https://2001-2009.state.gov/p/eur/rls/rm/89788.htm
Remarks by the President and the Vice-President to the National Governors Association (2011). February 28. Retrieved from https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/02/28/remarks-president-and-vice-president-national-governors-association

Remarks by the President Obama and Former President Clinton on We Can’t Wait: Better Buildings Initiative (2011). December 2. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/12/02/ remarks-president-obama-and-former-president-clinton-we-cant-wait-better
State of the Union Address (2007). January 23. Retrieved from http://millercenter.org/president/speeches/detail/4455
Tenenbaum, G., & Filho, E. (2014). Cognitive Styles. Encyclopedia of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 141–143. doi: 10.4135/9781483332222.n20

Abstract views: 91
PDF Downloads: 96
Published
2018-04-12
How to Cite
Kalishchuk, D. (2018). Psycholinguistic Methods of Suggestion Strategies Realization as US Presidents’ G. Bush Jr. and B. Obama Conceptual Style Markers. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, (23(2), 107-119. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1199146