The Psycholinguistic Portrait of the Traitor in Ukrainian Artistic Military Prose of the Second Half of the XX Century

Keywords: traitor, speech code, linguistic-psychological portrait, narrative, creative intention, lexeme, opposition “one’s own – another’s”, communicative personality.

Abstract

The purpose of the study in the article is to identify the components of the psycholinguistic portrayal of the traitor in the Ukrainian artistic prose of the second half of the twentieth century.

Materials & Methods. Elements of component analysis, method of classification, discourse analysis, content analysis, as well as lexico-semantic, associative methods were applied in the article and on the basis of these methods it has been provided the analysis of the images of the movie story «Ukraine in Fire» by O. Dovzhenko, the novel «House over a torso» by I. Kachurovsky, the novel «Whirlwind» by Yu. Mushketyk, the novel «The ground under the hooves» by V. Drozd).

Results. It is considered the place of traitor images in the structure of literary works. The emphasis is placed on the dynamics of their development within the artistic time space. The focus is also made on the psycholinguistic markers forming the hero’s/antihero’s portrait in the creative work. Comparison of the methods of designing the image of the traitor at different levels of organization of the artistic text in all the analyzed works is carried out.

Conclusions. It has been found that the psycholinguistic content of the traitor character type is directly dependent on the author's self-esteem model. The external evaluation, as a rule, remains stable. The description of the traitor’s psychological portrait in all cases shows the displacement of the axiological vector, the change of the poles of the opposition “one’s own – another’s”. In general in the Ukrainian military prose of the second half of the twentieth century the linguistic-psychological portraits of the traitor-gadget, traitor-freak and traitor-punisher are most vividly presented. However, there are other models.

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Published
2020-04-12
How to Cite
Dubrovskyi, R. (2020). The Psycholinguistic Portrait of the Traitor in Ukrainian Artistic Military Prose of the Second Half of the XX Century. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 27(2), 113-136. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2020-27-2-113-136