Conceptualization of the Subjective Image of Adulthood in the Semantic Space of a Linguistic Personality

Keywords: image of adulthood, linguistic picture of the world, linguistic personality, adolescence, conceptual sphere, semantic-cognitive model, logical-meaning construct, semantic field.

Abstract

Introduction. The article is devoted to the analysis of the problem of cognitive-semantic modelling of the subjective image of adulthood by schoolchildren of adolescence in modern sociocultural space. The authors proved that the logical-meaningful constructs of the linguistic picture of the world explicate the sociolect of the subjects of speech and form the conceptual space of the mental continuum, which is especially important for rethinking the semantic indicators of a personality formation in the process of growing up. The image of adulthood is interpreted by the authors as the most personalized systemic structure, which reflects the representation of the subjects of linguistic consciousness about the ideal self in the temporal perspective.

Research procedure. The research procedure involved the use of conceptual analysis methods, analysis of vocabulary definitions, content analysis. Based on the results of 4207 text fragments and respondents’ answers study, quantification units of the semantic field of the studied conceptosphere, the core (semantic constant) and the peripheral part (its information-content and interpretation segments) were identified.

Results. Empirically, the characteristics of the conceptual linguization were clarified to indicate the phenomenon of adulthood in the semantic space of the linguistic personality, the psycholinguistic features of the linguistic objectification of the concepts Adult and Becoming an Adult were identified in the consciousness of the subjects of ageing, and trends in the age-related dynamics of the cognitive-semantic nature of the adult concept in the minds of schoolchildren were specified. It has been stated that in the formatting of the subjective image of adulthood by schoolchildren of adolescence, there is a transition from empirical identification and awareness of predominantly «external» attributes of adulthood to a generalization of the internal relevant subsystems for assessing the world, oneself and other people (primarily adults). It is statistically confirmed that the main transformations of the subjective image of adulthood in the semantic space of the linguistic personality occur in adolescence, which should be the object of corrective and preventive interventions in the dynamic context of the psychological support of growing up.

Conclusions. The results obtained substantially complement the materials presented by the scientific community on the trends in the conceptualization of the indicators of modern youth growing up.

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Published
2020-04-16
How to Cite
Tokareva, N., & Shamne, A. (2020). Conceptualization of the Subjective Image of Adulthood in the Semantic Space of a Linguistic Personality. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS, 27(1), 287-309. https://doi.org/10.31470/2309-1797-2020-27-1-287-309